Weird Wonder of the World
There are many listed Wonders of the World, most of them are forgotten, and some new discovered wonders of the world. Most of this Wonders of the World, are strange and weird to other countries, that made them so curious to see and experience the beautiful natural nature or man-made scenery. Here are some lists of the Wonders of the world.
1) The Seven wonders of the Ancient World
Of the six vanished Wonders, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was the last to disappear, although the Lighthouse of Alexandria did not survive to the present day, it left its influence in various respects. The earliest lists had the Ishtar Gateas the seventh wonder of the world instead of theLighthouse of Alexandria. In the Middle Ages, the list known today was compiled in the by which time many of the sites were no longer in existence. Today, the only ancient world wonder that still exists is the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Other Seven Ancient Wonders that do not exist are, Hanging Garden of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and Colossus of Rhodes.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus
2) The Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind
Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox Patriarchal Basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa or the Tower of Pisa (Torre di Pisa) is the freestanding bell tower or campanile of the Cathedral of Pisa, in Italy, known worldwide for its unintended tilt to one side.
The Porcelain Tower or Porcelain Pagoda of Nanjing also known as Bao’ensi meaning “Temple of Repaid Gratitude”. This pagoda constructed in the 15th century during the Ming Dynasty, but was mostly destroyed in the 19th century during the Taiping Rebellion course. Wang Jianlin , a wealthy Chinese businessman, donated one billion yuan or US$156 million , this is the largest single personal donation made to Nanjing City in China, for its reconstruction of the pagoda, in 2010.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, some writers wrote about lists with names such as Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind, and Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages. However it is unlikely that these lists originated in the Middle Ages because the word medieval was not invented until the Age of Enlightenment, and the concept of a Middle Age did not become popular until the 16th century. Many of the structures on these lists were built in ancient times or later than the Medieval Ages, but were well known. These are the lists of the Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind, some are still existing but most of these are ruins of today; Stonehenge Wiltshire, England, Colosseum in Rome, Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa in Alexandria, Egypt, Great Wall of China in Beijing, Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, China, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey, and the Leaning of Tower of Pisa in Italy. Other sites sometimes included on such lists the Taj Mahal in India, Cairo Citadel in Cairo, Egypt, Ely Cathedral in Cambridgeshire, England and the Cluny Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Cluny, Saone-et-Loire, France.
3) The Seven Natural Wonders of the World
The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands. The reef is located in Northeast Australia off the coast of Queensland Coral Sea. The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world’s biggest single structure made by living organisms.
The Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is a natural wonders of the worlds, largest waterfall located in southern Africa on the Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Parícutin is a cinder cone-like volcano in Michoacan, Mexico, close to a lava-covered village of the same name. The volcano is unique in the fact that its formation was witnessed from its very inception. It appears on many versions of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Parícutin is part of the volcanic field of Michoacan-Guanajuato, which covers much of west central Mexico.
The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River state of Arizona, in the United States. It is maintained under the management by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe.
An aurora , Latin word meaning sunrise, is a natural light display in the sky particularly in the high latitude in Arctic and Antarctic regions, caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere or thermosphere. The magnetosphere and the solar wind where it originates, charged particles, on Earth, are directed by the Earth’s Magnetic Field into the atmosphere. The aurora borealis or northern lights, in northern latitudes, named after Aurora, the Roman goddess of dawn, and the Greek name for the north wind, Boreas by Pierre Gassendi in 1621. Auroras seen near the magnetic pole may be high overhead, but from farther away, they illuminate the northern horizon as a greenish glow or sometimes a faint red, as if the Sun were rising from an unusual direction. Its southern counterpart, the aurora australis (or the southern lights), has almost identical features to the aurora borealis and changes simultaneously with changes in the northern auroral zone, and is visible from high southern latitudes in South America, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica.
The Seven Natural Wonders of the World, is the natural nature on earth. These includes Mount Everest, The Great Barrier Reef in Australia, The Grand Canyon, Victoria Falls in Zambia and Zimbabwe, Africa, The Harbor of Rio De Janeiro in Brazil, Paricutin Volcano in Mexico and Northern Lights in Antarctic and Arctic Regions.
4) The Seven Underwater Wonders of the World
Palau sometimes called in Palauan language, Belau, likely derives from either the Palauan word for “village”, beluu spelled Belau or Pelew, officially the Republic of Palau is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean, part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The archipelago is also known as “The Black Islands.” Palau’s most populous islands are Angaur, Koror, Babeldaob and Peleliu. The latter three lie together within the same barrier reef, while Angaur is an oceanic island several miles to the south. About two-thirds of the population live on Koror. The Kayangel coral atoll is situated north of these islands, while the uninhabited Rock Islands is about 200 are situated to the west of the main island group. A remote group of six islands, known as the Southwest Islands, some 375 miles (604 km) from the main islands, are also part of the country and make up the states of Hatohobei and Sonsorol.
The Belize Barrier Reef or the Great Blue Hole, is a coral reefs series straddling the coast of Belize offshore in the north and 40 kilometers (25 mi) in the south within the country limits. The Belize Barrier Reef is a long Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, 300 kilometers (190 mi) long section of the 900 kilometers (560 mi), which is continuous from Cancun on the northeast tip of the Yucatan Peninsula through the Riviera Maya up to Honduras, making it one of the largest coral reef systems in the world after the Australia’s Great Barrier Reefand the New Caledonia Barrier Reef. It is Belize’s top tourist destination popular for scuba diving and snorkeling and attracting almost half of its 260,000 visitors, and is vital to its fishing industry.
The Galápagos Islands an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean around the equator 972 km west part of continental Ecuador, with official name Archipiélago de Colón or other Spanish names, Islas de Colón or Islas Galápagos.
The seawater inlet Red Sea of the Indian Ocean, lying between the Asia and Africa. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. In the north, there is the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez leading to Suez Canal.
Lake Baikal means “nature lake” also nicknamed as “Older sister of Sister Lakes, Lake Khovsgol and Lake Baikal. , is the world’s deepest, clearest and oldest lake at 25 million years (possibly older). Located in the south of the Russian region of Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast, it is the greatest volume of freshwate lake in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water. The same with Lake Tanganyika, Lake Baikal was formed as an ancient rift valley, having the typical long crescent shape.
Deep Sea Vent, Hydrothermal vents, also known as deepwater seeps, deep-sea springs, and deep sea vents are the aftermath of a volcanic eruption due to shifting of the plates that form the Earth’s crust . White smokers emitting liquid Carbon dioxide at the Champagne vent, at the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument, Northwest Eifuku volcano.
The Deep Sea Vent or Hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean typically form along the Mid-ocean ridges, such as the East Pacific Riseand the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. These are locations where two tectonic plates ( the two sub-layers of the earth’s crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches) and are diverging and new crust is being formed.
5) The Seven Wonders of the Modern World
The Empire State Building is a 102-story landmark Art Deco skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. Its name is derived from the nickname for the state of New York, The Empire State. It stood as the world’s tallest building for more than forty years, from its completion in 1931 until construction of the World Trade Center’s North Tower was completed in 1972. Following the destruction of the World Trade Center in 2001, the Empire State Building once again became the tallest building in New York City and New York State.
CN Tower (Canada National Tower) is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Toronto, located in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a communications tower building.
The Delta Works is a series of construction projects in the southwest of the Netherlands to protect a large area of land from he sea, around the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. The works consist of dams, sluices, locks, dikes, levees and storm surge barriers. The aim of the dams, sluices, and storm surge barriers was to shorten the Dutch coastline, because of that, reducing the number of dikes that had to be raised. Along with the Zuiderzee Works, Delta Works have been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
The ship canal in Panama is popularly known as Panama Canal which was worked and began in 1881 and was completed in 1914, that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean, making the travel shorter, and no longer necessary for ships to sail the lengthy Cape Horn route around the South America via the Drake Passage or navigate to the dangerous waters of the Strait of Magellan. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade. One of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken, the Panama Canal shortcut made it possible for ships to travel half of the time required, between the Pacific Oceans and Atlantic Oceans. The shorter, faster, safer route to the U.S. West Coast and to nations in and along the Pacific Ocean allowed those places to become more integrated with the world economy.
The Channel Tunnel the undersea rail tunnel that links Folkestone, Kent in the United Kingdom with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, and in French it is called Le tunnel sous la Manche; also referred to as the Chunnel , is a 50.5-kilometre, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover, at its lowest point, it is 75 metres (250 ft) deep. At 37.9 kilometres, the Channel Tunnel possesses the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world, although the Seikan Tunnel in Japan, is both longer overall at 53.85 kilometres and deeper at 240 metres (790 ft) below sea level. The tunnel carries high-speed Eurostar passenger trains, the largest vehicle transport known as Eurotunnel Shuttle rool-on/ roll-off and the freight trains international rail.
This wonders of the world was compiled as list of wonders of the modern world by the American Society of Civil Engineers, as the following, The Empire State Building in New York, The Itaipu Dam in Argentina, The CN Tower in Ontario Canada, The Panama Canal in Panama, The Channel Tunnel in United Kingdom and France, Delta Works/ Zuiderzee Works in Netherlands (or The North Sea Protection Works), and the Golden Gate Bridge.
6) The Seven Forgotten Natural Wonders of the World
Angel falls, the world’s highest waterfall , the world’s tallest waterfall, located in Venezuela.
The bay on the Atlantic coast of North America is called the Bay of Fundy, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canadian provinces, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. Some sources believe the name “Fundy” is a corruption of the French word “Fendu”, meaning “split”. In July 2009, the Bay of Fundy was named as a finalist for the New 7 Wonders of Nature contest that ended in November 2011. It was not chosen as a wonder.
Krakatoa or Krakatau in the Sunda Strait between Sumatra and Java Islands in Indonesia, was a volcanic island made of lava. The name is used for the island group, the Rakata main island, and the volcano as a whole. In 1883, the volcano erupted, killing 36,417 people. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard nearly 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The shock wave from the explosion was recorded on barographs around the globe.
The highest mountain in Japan is known as the Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island. Mount Fuji was an active stratovolcano also known as a composite volcano. Mount Fuji is a tall, conical volcanothat last erupted in the year 1707 to 1708. Today, Mount Fuji is an international destination for tourism and mountain-climbing.
Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcano in Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania and Africa’s highest mountain at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above the sea level (the Uhuru Peak/Kibo Peak). It is unknown where the name Kilimanjaro originates, but a number of theories exist, European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that it was its Swahili name. Kilimanjaro is expected to become ice-free some time between 2022 and 2033.
The international border between Ontario, a Canadian province and New York , United States straddle by waterfalls Niagara Falls. The waterfalls straddle in three waterfalls, form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge. From largest to smallest, the three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls.The Horseshoe Falls lie on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the American side, separated by Goat Island. The smaller waterfall is the Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the other waterfalls by Luna Island. The international boundary line was originally drawn through Horseshoe Falls in 1819, but the boundary has long been in dispute due to natural erosion and construction.
The Seven Forgotten Wonders of the World lists includes the Angel Falls in Venezuela, The Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia Canada, Karakatoa Volcanic Island in Indonesia, Mount Fuji in Japan, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Niagara Falls in Canada and the United States.
7) The Seven Forgotten Modern Wonders of the World
The great bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, is known as the Big Ben clock tower. The clock tower holds the largest four-faced chiming clock in the world and is the third-tallest free-standing clock tower. On May 31, 2009, the Big Ben celebrated its 150th anniversary. The tower was completed in 1858 and has become one of the most prominent symbols of both London and England.
The Eiffel Tower also called La dame de fer, or the iron lady, is a puddled iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower in 1889. The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be purchased to ascend, by stairs or elevator (lift) to the first and second levels.
The Gateway Arch, or Gateway to the West in St. Louis, Missouri is an arch that is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. It was built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States at 630 feet (192 m), it is the tallest man-made monument in the United States, Missouri’s tallest accessible building, and the largest architectural structure designed as a weighted or flattened catenary ( curve formed by a perfectly flexible, uniformly dense, and inextensible cable suspended from its endpoints) arch.
The Aswan Dam is an embankment dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt, since the 1950s, the name commonly refers to the High Dam. Construction of the High Dam became a key objective of the Egyptian Government following the 1952 Egyptian Revolution, as the ability to control floods, provide water for irrigation, and generate hydroelectricity were seen as pivotal to industrialization of Egypt. The High Dam was constructed between 1960 and 1970, and has had a significant impact on the Egypt’s culture and economy. Every year the Nile River flooded during the late summer before the dam was built, the flood water flowed down the valley from its East African drainage basin. These floods brought high water and natural minerals and nutrients that annually enriched the fertile soil along the delta and floodplain, and since then, the Nile Valley was ideal for farming and agriculture.
Hoover Dam, was named after President Herbert Hoover, which once known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the US states of Arizona and Nevada. It was constructed between 1931 and 1936 during the Great Depression and was dedicated on September 30, 1935, by President Franklin Roosevelt. The construction of the Hoover Dam resulted to a massive effort involving thousands of workers, and cost over one hundred lives.
The sculpture of Mount Rushmore National Memorial carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore near Keystone, South Dakota in the United States. Gutzon Borglum and his son Lincoln Borglum, were Danish-American artists, sculpted Mount Rushmore features 60-foot (18 m) sculptures of the heads of former United States presidents (in order from left to right) George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
The Petronas Twin Towers, also known as the Petronas Towers or in Bahasa Melayu it is called Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas, are twin skycraper and the landmark of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower. In 1998 to 2004, according to the CTBUH’s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world, until surpassed by Taipei 101, but remained the tallest twin buildings ever built, surpassing the World Trade Center.
The 7 Forgotten Modern Wonders in the World, I think is not forgotten but still remembered as one iconic symbol of the country, such as The Big Ben Clock Tower in London, Eiffel Tower of Paris, The Gateway Arch in Missouri, The Aswan High Dam in Egypt, Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, United States, and the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
8 ) The Seven Forgotten Wonders of the Medieval Mind
The largest Hindu temple complex in the world is known as the Angkor Wat , and the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture and become a symbol of Cambodia. The modern name, Angkor Wat, means “Temple City” or “City of Temples” in Khmer, Angkor, meaning “city” or “capital city”.
The white marble mausoleum and landmark of Agra, India is famously known as the Taj Mahal. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”.
The Mont Saint-Michel is a rocky tidal wave island and a commune in Normandy, France. The bay part of Mont Saint-Michel is one of the World Heritage Sites of the UNESCO list, where more than 3,000,000 visitors visit the island each year.
The monolithic human figures carved from rock is called as the Moai or Mo’ai on the Chilean Polynesian island of Easter Island, between the years 1250 to 1500. The Moai’s main quarry are still at Rano Raraku, but hundreds were transported from there and set on platforms stone called ahu around the perimeter of the island. Most of this Moai statues have overly large heads, about three-fifths the size of their bodies. The moai statues are the living faces or aringa ora of deified ancestors or the aringa ora ata tepuna, and this statues still gazed inland across their ancestor’s lands when the Europeans first visited the island, but most of them would be cast down during the later conflict between the clans.
The temple of the Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to Athena, the Greek goddess, whom the people of Athens considered their virgin patron. Its construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power.
In Yangon, Burma the Shwedagon Pagoda also known in English as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a 99 metres (325 ft, gilded stupa and pagoda, which lies to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, on Singattara Hill, thus dominating the skyline of the city. It is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda for the Burmese with relics of the past four Buddhas enshrined within, namely the staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Konagamana, a piece of the robe of Kassapa and eight strands of hair of Gautama, the historical Buddha.
The Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Taj Mahal in Agra India, Mont Saint-Michel Monastery in France, The Parthenon ruins in Greece, and the Shwedagon Pagoda in Burma, was listed as the Seven Forgotten wonders of Medieval Mind.
9) The Forgotten Wonders of the World
The Greater Temple of the Aztecs or HUEY TEOCALLI is without a doubt one of the greatest treasures lost forever. There is nothing left standing of what the temple was,except for a few ruins, that tell us little or nothing about its greatness. The Templo Mayor was one of the main temples of the Aztecs in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica. The temple was called the huey teocalli in the Nahuatl language and dedicated simultaneously to two gods, the god of war Huitzilpochtli, god of war and god of rain Tlaloc, god of rain and agriculture, each of which had a shrine at the top of the pyramid with separate staircases.
The Banaue Rice Terraces or the Hagdan-hagdang Palayan ng Banawe, also called Payo, are 2000-year old rice terraces that were carved into the mountains of Ifugao tribes ancestors of the indigenous people in the Philippines. The Rice Terraces are commonly referred to by Filipinos as the Eight Wonder of the World . It is commonly thought that the terraces were built with minimal equipment, largely by hand.
The Chocolate Hills is a famous tourist destination and is an unusual geological formation located in Carmen, Bohol Province, Philippines. There are at least 1,260 hills but there may be as many as 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometers. They are covered in green grass during the rainy season that turns brown during the dry season, where the hills was nicknamed.
Borobudur, or Barabudur, is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist monument located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside a perforated stupa ( dome-shaped structure (as a mound) serving as a Buddhist shrine).
Machu Picchu which means “Old Peak” is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana (Hitching post of the Sun), the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.
The Mayan Temples is also known as the Temple of the Inscriptions and the largest Mesoamerican stepped pyramid structure at the pre-Columbian Maya civilization site of Palenque, located in Chiapas, Mexico the modern-day state. The structure was originally built as the funerary monument for K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, Palenque “ajaw” or ruler in the 7th century whose reign over the polity lasted almost 70 years. Construction of this monument commenced in the last decade of his life, and was completed by his son and successor K’inich Kan B’alam ll. Within Palenque, the Temple of the Inscriptions is located in an area known as the Temple of the Inscriptions’ Court and stands at a right angle to the Southeast of the Palace.
The ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire is known as the Throne Hall Takht-e Jamshid Persepolis or Throne Hall of Persepolis in (ca. 550-330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the Shiraz modern city in the Fars Province of modern Iran.
Petra meaning “stone” as the capital of the Nabataeans, and the center of their caravan trade, is a archaeological and historical city in Jordanian governorate (an administrative division of a country and headed by a governor) of Ma’an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans , it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourist attraction.It lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. In 1985, Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Suez Canal also known by the nickname “The Highway to India”, is an artificial waterway sea-level in Egypt, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows transportation by water between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfik at the city of Suez.
The Great Sphinx of Giza, in English: The Terrifying One, is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx, a mythical creature with a human head and a lion’s body,commonly referred to as the Sphinx, that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, and the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built in the Old Kingdom of Egypt, by ancient Egyptians, during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).
The Red Fort commonly transcribed into English as Lal Qil’ah or Lal Qila, is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Old Delhi walled city (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. It also served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. The earlier Red Fort was built by Tomara king Anangpala, now known as the Qulb Mosque. The fort lies along the Yamuna River, which fed the moats (a deep wide ditch, usually filled with water, typically surrounding a fortified medieval town, fortress, or castle as a protection against assault) that surround most of the wall.
The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts center in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Jorn Utzon, a Danish Architect built and create the concept of the amazing structure of the opera house in Sydney, and was opened in 1973 after a long gestation that begun with his competition-winning design in 1957.
The Wonders of the World and famous landmark of its country, many have thought it as Forgotten Wonders of the World, that includes The Aztec Temple, The Borobudur Temple, The Mayan Temples or Temple of the Inscriptions, The Inca City, The Statue of Liberty, The Throne Hall of Persepolis, Petra, The Suez Canal, The Sydney Opera House, The Red Fort of India and The Great Sphinx of Giza. Are they really forgotten?
10) New Seven Wonders of Nature
The New 7 Wonders of Nature (2007–2011), a contemporary effort to create a list of seven natural wonders chosen through a global poll, was organized by the same group as the New7Wonders of the World campaign. This includes Iguazu Falls in Argentina, Jeju Island in South Korea, Komodo Island in Indonesia, Puerto Prinsesa Underground River in Palawan, Philippines, Table Mountain in South Africa, Halung Bay in Vietnam, and the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil and Peru.
Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls or Iguaçu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of Brazilian State Parana and Argentine Misiones Province. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. The Iguazu River originates near the city of Curitiba, that flows through Brazil for most of its course. Below its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the boundary between Argentina and Brazil. The name “Iguazu” comes from the Guarani or Tupi words “y” meaning “water”, and “ûasú “wa’su, meaning “big”. Legend has it that a god planned to marry a beautiful woman named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In rage, the god sliced the river, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.
Jeju Island formerly Cheju Island, is an island off the southern coast of South Korea, in the Korea Strait, southwest of Jeollanam-do Province, of which it was a part before it became a separate province in 1946, and more recently Korea’s first and only Special Autonomous Province. Jeju City is the capital and the Jeju Island, also known as the “Island of the Gods.” It is an island basalt and lava eruptions product groups and has a climate with four distinct seasons with hot summers and cold winters and humid with rain. It is a beautiful island with unspoilt forests since agriculture was difficult because of the lava, underground springs, waterfalls, beaches, lava formations, caves and craters.
Komodo is one of the 17,508 islands in the Republic of Indonesia with the surface area of 390 km² and over 2000 people live there. The people on Komodo are descendants of former convicts, and they were sent away to the island and mixed with the Bugis from Sulawesi. Most people are Muslim, but there are also smaller groups of Christians and Hindus. Komodo is part of the Lesser Sunda chain of islands. It is part of the Komodo National Park, and the home for the Komodo Dragons. Komodo Island is part of the East Nusa Tenggara Province, and also a popular resort for Scuba diving.
The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is located about 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the city centre of Puerto Prinsesa in Palawan, Philippines. The river is also called Puerto Princesa Underground River. The national park is located in the Saint Paul Mountain Range on the northern coast of the island, bordered by St. Paul Bay to the north and the Babuyan River to the east. The park is also known as St. Paul’s Subterranean River National Park or simply, St. Paul Underground River. The entrance to the Subterranean River is a short hike from the town of Sabang. On November 11, 2011, Puerto Princesa Underground River was provisionally chosen as one of the New7Wonders of Nature, and this selection was officially confirmed on January 28, 2012. They also found a huge cave dome, measuring 300 meters above the underground river, incredible rock formations, large bats, a deep water hole in the river, more river channels, another deep cave, marine creatures, and more. Deeper areas of the underground river are almost impossible to expedite due to oxygen deprivation.
The Table Mountain located in Cape Town, South Africa, is often described as magical and mystical, Table Mountain is Cape Town’s most prominent feature and a world famous landmark. This majestic mountain is visible from almost everywhere in Cape Town and is often used as a beacon by which to find direction. Table Mountain is home to a rich fauna and flora, many species of which are endemic and survive only in the unique ecosystem which is contained on the mountain. Examples of endemic plants are the rare Silver Tree ( Leucadendron Argenteum) and the wild orchid Disa Uniflora. Animals such as baboons and porcupines live here freely, as well as furry rodents called Rock Dassies. These little creatures look like plump rabbits without ears – incredibly, their closest living relative is the elephant! The Table Mountain Ghost Frog is an example of an animal found in no other place on the world.
Ha Long Bay “descending dragon bay” is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a popular travel destination, located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. Administratively, the bay belongs to Ha Long City, Cam Pha town, and part of Van Don district. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bái Tử Long bay to the northeast, and Cát Bà islands to the southwest. These larger zones share similar geological, geographical, geomorphological, cultural and climate characters.
The Amazon Rainforest is the forest that grows in the tropical basin of the Amazon River. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained 60% of the rainforest within Brazil, followed by 13% rainforest in Peru, and with minor amounts in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests, and it comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world.