Weird and Amazing Indigenous People
Ethnic groups are called indigenous people, according to their tribes, cultures, boundaries of territories and the “original inhabitants” of their territory. Indigenous people are also designated by their state according to international lawmaking bodies with variation of terms such as: “Native Americans” ,” Pacific Islander” (USA), “Inuit” Metis “First Nations” (Canada), “Aborigines (Australia), “Hill Tribes (South East Asia), indigenous ethnic minority, “Adivasi (India)”, autonomous (independent judiciary) groups and tribal groups. Madagascar is an island in the continent of Africa. The Congo River basin, south of the Sahara and west of the East African Rift are the main land in Central Africa, where indigenous Pygmy people are the inhabitants of central and western Africa. East Africa and surrounding countries are included in the “Horn of Africa regions”.
Republic of Madagascar or formerly known as Malagasy Republic, is the fourth-largest island found in Indian Ocean, coast of Africa, southeastern part. Many believed that early settlers between 300 BCE to 500 CE from Austronesian people from Borneo, in the Indonesian Archipelago, Bantu people (crossing Mozambique channels), Arabs, East African, Malays, Javanese (Indonesia),Indians, Chinese and Europeans (most are from France) which is a big influence in the Malagasy cultural way of living.
1) Merina Ethnic Group , Madagascar
The Merina people, a Malagasy speaking ethnic group in Madagascar, are divide society into social classes and caste system, the Andriana (nobles), Hova (freeman) and the Andevo (slaves). Rice is considered holy (masina), the Merina people and their beliefs of “eating rice” is the key to moral behavior.
In Madagascar, men and women wear their traditional lamba garment, made of cotton, bast or raffia for their daily wear, and silk during funeral ceremony and some functional used as to carrying their babies and tie them or for wrapping their dead relative. The Betsileo women, wore narrower and white lamba, as symbol for dignity, elegance, femininity and respect for the tradition.
The traditional funeral way of the Malagasy, is bring their dead relative into a designated area, and just leave there until the body is decompose, but among the Bara people of the southern plains of Madagascar, they built tombs to bury their dead, and cover it with stones or Zebu bones. While the Tanala ethnic tribes, they place their dead in a coffins made from hollowed-logs and and leave in sacred grove of trees or caves and cover with wooden planks.
2) Bantu Indigenous ethnic groups
The Bantu Swahili people speak Bantu Swahili language which more Arabic word are used, and these indigenous people are located in the coastal region of East Africa. The Bantu people are mixed community in this area influenced by the Muslim Arabs and Persian migrants.
The Bantu ethnic group has various groups which means “the people or humans” and “scattered” into hundreds of individual tribes. The word Bantu appeared in many language like in Swahili (watu), Lingala (batu), Duala (Bato), Zulu and Ganda (Abantu), Shona (Vanhu) and in some Luhya dialects thy call them Vandu. Herero ethnic groups are herdsmen and pastoralist (raising livestock than farming), and majority are living in Namibia, Botswana and Angola.
Shona Indigenous people
The Shona people has two group of indigenous people living in the east and southwest of Zimbabwe, north eastern of Botswana and southern section of Mozambique.
3) Afar Indigenous People
The Afar tribe, also called Danakil, an ethnic indigenous people in the Horn of Africa. Majority resides in the Afar Region of Ethiopia, and northern of Djibouti and some lived in southern section of Eritrea.
The State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa which consists of nine tribes.The capital of Eritrea is Asmara, in the west is the border of Sudan, in the south is Ethiopia and in southwest section is Djibouti.
4) Indigenous People of Horn of Africa (East Africa)
The Maasai ethnic group or also called Masai, indigenous semi-nomadic people of Kenya and northern Tanzania. The Maasai or Masai people are known for distinctive custom and clothing and reside in many parks of East Africa, to allow tourist to see their heritage. Their wore clothing according to age and place, but require the young Masai to wear black clothing until the day of their circumcision. However, they favored more red clothing, and also wore blue, stripes and checkered as African multicolored designs, which they call their cloth, Matavuvale. In many passage rites, like wedding, the Masai shave their heads, and also the bride too. Only warriors wear long thinly-braided hair. After the warrior go through the Eunoto and became elders, their long braided hair is shaved.
Ngoni Ethnic People
The Ngoni ethnic tribes are the indigenous people residing in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and east-central Africa.
Berta or Bertha Ethnic Groups
The Berta or Bertha are indigenous people living in the border of Sudan and Ethiopia, and commonly speaks Arabic, because of intermarriages among the ethnic people to Arab traders. Berta people are also called watawit (local name for bat) which means “mixed of different groups”.
Borana or Borana Oromo, or Boran
Gabbra or Gabra Indigenous people
North African Indigenous People, Mediterranean border, Northern Red Sea and Atlantic Ocean, and south of Sahara Desert
Beja Indigenous People
Beja people are the indigenous ethnic group living in North Africa and Horn of Africa, in Sudan, Eritrea and Egypt. Beja consist of smaller families, or group of Bisharin, Hedareb, Hadendoa, Amarar, Beni-Amer, Hallenga and Hamran and mixed of Bedouin clans in the east and Berber tribe in the west.In Roman era the Beja’s are called Blemmyes, a nomadic Nubian tribe, Buga in Aksamite Ge’ez inscriptions and Fuzzy Wuzzy or Hadendoa, a nomadic tribe and subdivided group of the Beja’s clan.
Fuzzy Wuzzy or Hadendoa ethnic Group
Ababda Nomad Ethnic People
Bedouin Nomadic ethnic tribes
Bisharin Ethnic group
Berber Ethnic Group
Tuareg, Berber Nomadic People
Egyptians are the indigenous people of Arabic ethnic groups consisting of Mediterranean people and North African clans, and Arabic speaking people.
5) Southern Africa Indigenous Tribes
Bushmen living in Kalahari Desert, Botswana / Namibia
Bushmen are the indigenous people of Southern Africa with territories expanded through South Africa areas, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Angola and many of them are classified as Bushmen San, Sho, Barwa, Kung or Khwe, and most of them are living between Okavango, Botswana and Etosha, Namibia. Most of them are related to Khoisan group or the pastoral community Khoikhoi and they hunter-gatherers.
N!xau Toma (Gcao Tekene Coma) belong to Bushmen San tribe in Namibia, a bush farmer and actor and became famous for his character as Kalahari Bushman Xixo, in the 1980’s movie “Gods Must Be Crazy”. N!xau did not know his exact age and was not aware of the value of the paper money, and was paid for the film only for a few hundred dollars. But the next sequel of the movie, he was already aware of his earnings and was able to build a brick house for his family. N!xau died of tuberculosis on July 1, 2003.
Khoikhoi or Khoisan Ethnic groups and the former Namaqua tribe, (Nama) ethnic group and also called Hottentot ethnic group
6) Indigenous People of West Africa (Includes Section from Sahara Desert to north of Gulf of Guinea to the south region part :Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Bioko Island, Sahel and Sahara, Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon and Central African Republic.
Bubi Ethnic group
7) Indigenous People of the Caribbean or West Indies that includes the Island of Hispaniola, Bahamas, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guanahacabibes Peninsula
Arawak are the indigenous people of the West Indies that includes the Taino people, Lucayans, Nepoya and Suppoya of Trinidad, and the Igneri people and the Caribs.
Ciboney indigenous people of Greater Antilles in the Caribbean sea, from indigenous Taino people which also called Cave Dwellers, because most of the Ciboney indigenous tribes lived in caves. Most of the Ciboney was driven off to western Cuba and western Hispaniola (Haiti).
8) Indigenous People of Central America and Mexico
Garifuna or Garinagu, are the descendant of Carib, Arawak and West Africans and now living in Central America, along the Caribbean Coast, in Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Honduras. Majority are Catholics but some follow other religions and still practice mystical rituals.
Itza indigenous people of Guatemalan ethnic group of Mayan clans.
Huichol or Waxiritari indigenous people of central Mexico residing in the Sierra Madre Occidental, and ethnic group of Native Americans. Huichol people prefer to be named Waxiritari people which means in Huichol language “the people”.
Mazatec are the indigenous ethnic people of known as the Sierra Mazateca in Oaxaca in the Southern Mexico and in the states of Puebla and Veracruz.
9) North America which includes Greenland, Canada, the United States, Eastern Aleutian Islands (Alaska Peninsula to Kamchatca Peninsula)
Canadian Aboriginal People includes First Nations, , Inuit, Metis . Eskimo (Esquimaux, Inuit-Yupik for Alaska) Indigenous people inhabitants of Eastern Siberia (Russia), across Alaska (United States), Canada and Greenland. “Indians and Eskimo” are considered pejorative in Canada’s aboriginals.
Metis people are Aboriginal people of Canada, who traced the First Nation people as their descendants. The First Nation parentage has mixed races and with Cree, Ojibwe, Algonquin, Saulteaux, Menominee (or Mamaceqraw), Mi’kmaq o Maliseet tribe.
Tsuu T’ina Nation or Tsu T’ina is the indigenous people of First Nation in Canada, and they were formerly known as Sarsi or Sarcee people, a neighboring town to the southwest city of Calgary, Alberta. Sarsi or Sarcee was believed to derived its name from the Blackfoot people, which means “stubborn ones”, but it is an offensive word for the Tssu T’ina people, and from the Athapascan group, and once part of the Daneeza or Beaver Indians.
10) Indigenous People of South America (Isthmus of Panama, Peru, Amazonian Rainforest (Brazil), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Argentina and Colombia.
Indigenous Aymara people of Bolivia
Aymara or Aimara are the indigenous people in the Andes and Altiplano region of South America, and formerly conquered by Inca Empire.
Embera-Wounaan indigenous people of Panama, a semi-nomadic Indians, and former name was Choco and speak the Embera and Wounaan language and they are part of the Chocoan speaking group.
Bororo or Bororo- Boe are indigenous ethnic Indians in the region of Brazil, living in Mato Grosso, and tribes extended into Bolivia and Goias, a state in Brazil.The Bororo ethnic groups are notable for their population of having the same blood type: Type O.
Matses or Mayoruna are indigenous ethnic tribes of the Peruvian people and Brazilian Amazon, and their ancestral properties is threatened to be phased out by the illegal loggers and hunters of endangered animals. Matses is a indigenous people rights organization, working for protection and survival of the Matses (Movement in the Amazon for Tribal Subsistence and Economic Sustainability).
11) Asia (Indian Subcontinent, Central Asian Republics, Middle East and Saudi Arabia)
South Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
Garo indigenous ethnic tribe in Meghalaya, India.
Khasi are the indigenous ethnic tribe inhabitants of north east of the Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills heading Brahmaputra Valley. Khasi people are closer to the Garo ethnic group.
12) Central Asia or Middle Asia : Includes former Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyztan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekiztan, and other areas are; Afghanistan, Northern Iran, Kashmir northern Pakistan, Mongolia and sometimes Xinjiang and Tibet in western China, and southern Siberia in Russia.
13) Arabian Peninsula includes: includes constituent countries of Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and on the east is the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Oman on southeast, Yemen on the south and Saudi Arabia in the center.
14) Central Asia : includes generally the east region of Caspian Sea, Russian Taiga on the south to the Himalayas, then eastwards to Mongolia and western of China provinces and autonomous regions.
Pashtun indigenous people of Aghanistan and Pakistan
15) East Asia includes: People’s Republic of China, the Korean Peninsula, Japan and Taiwan.
Taiwan aboriginal and indigenous ethnic group
16) North Asia Includes the Russian Far East and the Northern and Eastern part of Siberia
17) South East Asia includes Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam, Assam in India.
H’Mong indigenous ethnic people inhabitants of China, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand.
18) South Asia includes the regions of the Indochina and Malay Archipelago
Adivasi Indigenous ethnic tribes in India
Chenchu indigenous ethnic tribes in India
Adamanese indigenous ethnic people of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India, northeast of Bengal Bay
Chang Naga Indigenous people of Nagaland, India, and in British India they are called Mazung.
Konyak Naga indigenous Naga family of Nagaland, India
Sumi Naga or Sema Naga
19 Melanesia includes New Guinea to western Pacific Islands to Arafura Sea to Fiji
Tongan indigenous people
20) Micronesia includes Western and Central Pacific
Yap also called by locals as Wa’ab found in Caroline Islands of the Western Pacific Ocean and a Federate State of Micronesia, and the locals speak Yapese language.
Polynesia includes New Zealand , central and southern of the Pacific Islands
The Kingdom of Tonga, is a state and South Pacific Ocean Archipelago, located in north south region of New Zealand to Hawaii. The Kingdom of Tonga is also known as Friendly Islands.
Maori are the indigenous people of the Aotearoa (The Long White Cloud) is New Zealand‘s local name. Maori’s permanent tattoos on their body and faces called Ta moko, is a painful tattoo process by scarification using chisels (uhi) by their Tohunga (tattooist) and considered sacred or tapu. Maori tattoos stand as their symbol and ranks.