When a patient is diagnosed with cancer, surely it is a mind-blowing ‘news’ for the patient, knowing that “Cancer” is the deadliest and dreadful disease a person could have. We all know that cancers are not that easy to treat and 95% death results for cancer victims. My mom died of cervical cancer in 1985, and had my total hysterectomy in 1997 because of uterine Myoma. Of course I have thoughts of ; “are cancers hereditary?” And my Gynecologist told me there are risk in our family to inherit cancer cells. And I began to research about cancers, symptoms and treatment.
The ‘uterine myoma’ or called Fibroid Leiomyma, Leiomyomata or fibromyoma, is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that grows in the muscle tissue of the uterus. Sometimes they could be dominant myoma in the uterus, and grow larger as a melon or smaller as a coin. Hysterectomy surgery is performed to remove the myoma.
1) Brain Cancer
Brain cancer or brain tumor, or abnormal growth of cells within the brain or the central spinal canal or intracranial solid neoplasm. Radiotherapy may be used for incomplete resections of tumors. Forms of radiotherapy for cancer biopsy including external beam radiation, brachytherapy, and for difficult cases, stereotactic radiosurgery are viable options.
Glioblastoma the most dreadful and deadliest and the most common and aggressive type of primary human brain tumor which involves Glial cells, or Neuroglia cells are non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis from Myelin, and provide support and protection for brain neurons.
2) Eye Cancer
Common tumor growth in eyelids are called “basal cell carcinoma” and primarily starts within the eye and metastatic cancer spread to the eye to another body organs. Types of Intraocular cancer: uveal metastasis, uveal malanoma or melanocytes, Intraocular Lymphoma, Retinoblastoma, Hemangioma, Conjunctival melanoma, and eyelid carcinoma. (www.cancer.net/)
3) Face Cancer: . Lip, Oral Cavity, Throat, Tongue
Burkitt’s Lymphoma syndrome are common to African infected by Malaria disease and are prone to Burkitt’s lymphoma.
The lip and oral cavity malignant cancer disease growth in the tissues of the lips or mouth, that affects two-thirds of the tongue, the gingiva (upper and lower gum), lining of cheeks and lips (buccal mucosa), the bottom or floor of the mouth under the tongue, the hard palate or bony top of the mouth and the retromolar trigone (small area behind the wisdom teeth.
The lip, mouth, tongue, throat and lung cancer common causes are the patients chewing tobacco, smoking tobacco direct or with pipes.
The “Oropharyngal cancer” is a disease of malignant cancer cells, formed in Oropharynx’s tisses; a middle part of the throat that affects the base of the tongue, tonsils, soft palate and the pharynx wall.
4) Skin Cancer
The skin cancer or skin neoplasm, are skin malignant cancer that grows on the skin and the most common are the basal cell carcinoma which are malignant skin cancer, squamous cell cancer and melanoma, named after the type of skin cell cancer that grow. Less common skin cancers are the following: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, Merkel cell carcinoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma(tumor caused by Human Herpes Virus 8 (HHV8), Keratoacanthoma(low grade of malignancy), Spindle cell tumors, Sebacious carcinomas, Microcystic adnexal carcinoma, Paget’s disease of the breast, atypical fibroxanthoma, Leimyosarcoma and Angio sarcoma.
5) Mole Cancer
Dark mole: one possible sign of cancerous mole, is the darkening of color.
Inflamation in the area of the mole and is about 7 millimeters wide, (showing the original mole is much smaller). Inflamed mole should be checked by the doctor immediately.
Mole melanoma with irregular border of shapes and colors; normal mole are much round in shape, and have smooth border areas.
Mole melanoma with irregular shape and color, and noticeable changed of color of the mole and shape, and this signs and symptoms needs doctor’s check up.
The changed of color and spread of mole melanoma should be consulted to a doctor immediately.
6) Breast Cancer
Breast cancer showing an inverted nipple, skin dimpling and lump on the breast tissues. Mammogram can detect early stage of breast lump or tumor cancer.
Removal of Breast tumor through surgery called mastectomy, and needs chemotherapy.
The Paget’s disease of the nipple is a malignant cancer that looks like an eczema in the skin. It is fatal if not treated in early stage.
7) Colon Cancer
The colon cancer or colorectal cancer or large bowel cancer, are cancerous growth of cancer cells in the large intestine, that usually are benign tumors but develop into cancer. This cancer cells of the colon begin from the “adenomatous polyps” (benign tumor occurs on the colon lining or the rectum). Colorectal polyps can develop into malignant tumor if not diagnosed earlier and be treated immediately. Symptoms are likely, change in bowel habits if tumor grow near the anus, Melena (black stool with tarry appearance with blood), constipation or diarrhea.
The liver metastasis are cancer cells that starts in another organ and migrates to the liver. Our liver is one the largest organ in our body, located below the lungs under our rib cage. The liver is divided into four lobes: the right lobe, the left lobe, the caudate lobe and the quadrate lobe. The liver acquire protein from the portal vein, which carries nutrient-rich blood from the intestines. The hepatic artery supplies the liver with blood that is rich in oxygen. Hepatocellular Carcinoma or malignant hepatoma is a primary malignant cancer of the liver.
In most cases of Hepatocellular Carcinoma are infected with viral hepatitis infections (Hepa B or Hepa C) or Cirrhosis. Most common causes of Hepatitis or Hepatic Cirrhosis is alcoholism. Other symptoms are “Spider Angiomas” found in the neck, face, upper trunk and arms, back of the hands and fingers among young children. Palmar Erythema motting of the palm, because of sex hormones metabolism, hypertension or rheumatoid arthritis and nail changes (in color and shape).
9) Carcinoid Cancer
The carcinoid syndrome or carcinoid tumors mainly affects the appendix, double layer of peritoneum that suspends the jejenum and ileum from the posterior wall of the abdomen. The jejenum is the middle section of the small intestine and the ileum is the final section of the small intestine.
10) Lung Cancer
The lung cancer is a disease consisting of uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the lung tissues, and lead to metastasis and invades adjacent tissue and infiltration of the lungs. The most common symptoms are fever, weight loss, coughing of blood, shortness of breath. Long term of exposure to tobacco smoke caused lung diseases especially cancer of the lungs.
11) Renal Cancer or Kidney Cancer
The renal cancer or kidney cancer are defined as a cancer that originate from the kidney . The two most common types of kidney cancers are: Renal Carcinoma (RCC) and the urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the renal pelvis and the Transitional Cell carcinoma (TCC), the cancer that occurs in the urinary system, kidney, urinary bladder and accessory organ, and the most common type of bladder cancer and cancer of the ureter, urethra and urachus. TCC is the second most type of kidney cancer from transitional epithelium; a tissue lining the inner surface of the kidney.
12) Periam Pullary Cancer (Ampula Vater)
The Periam pullary cancer grows near the ampula of Vater, and enlargement of the ducts from the liver and the pancreas and joining and enter the small intestine. The disease could be detected through series of test and seen on duodenoscopy of Endoscopic Retograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
13) Spleen Cancer
The spleen is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen. The spleen removes old red blood cells and fight germs and control the amount of blood loss in case of hemorrhagic shock and recycle iron in our body. The spleen is purple an gray in color. Malignancy of white blood cells that involves tumor deposited in the spleen. Lymphoma, is non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, and some T-cell lymphomas are some of the different kinds of spleen cancer.
14) Pancreatic Cancer
The pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas, and the complete remission is rare. About 95% of Exocrine Pancreatic cancers are ‘adeno-carcinomas’ (M8140/3) and the remaining 5% are the ‘adeno-squamous carcinomas’ signet ring carcinomas, Hepatoid carcinomas, Colloid carcinomas. Enxocrine pancreatic tumors are for more common pancreatic endocrine tumors, are far common than the Pancreatic Endocrine tumors. Pancreas are found in the abdomen, surrounded by the stomach, intestines and other organs, shaped as ‘flattened pear-wide in one end, called ‘head of pancreas’, and narrow at the other end called ‘tail’.
15) Stomach Cancer
The stomach cancer or gastric cancer, develop cancer cells in any part of the stomach and spread to other body organs, particularly the esophagus, lungs, lymph nodes and the liver.
The stomach cancer, or linitis plastica, is a kind of stomach cancer that invades the entire stomach, leading to a “leather-bottle-like” appearance, with blood coming out of it, as seen through the endoscopic. Signs and symptoms are; indigestion, heartburn (burning like feeling), loss of appetite. Helicobacter Pylorii, sometimes causes cancer growth, while the autoimmune athropic gastritis, intestinal melaplasia and some kind of genetic factors are related with risks level of cancers, like smoking and alcoholic drinks.
16) Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is the malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area or the neck of the uterus. Abnormality of vaginal bleeding, are sometimes one of the early symptoms, but there are cases that no symptoms are present and could not be detected immediately. Pap smear screening can detect early stage of cervical cancer. Surgery and removal of tumor are one of the remedy, and chemotherapy and radiotherapy for the advance stages of cancer in the cervix.
17) Ovarian Cancer
The Ovarian cancer, is a cancer of the ovary that grow in many part of the ovaries, and usually have poor prognosis, and considered one of the dreadful cancers, because it lacks early detection on screening test, and only detected until it reached the advance stages of stage lll or stage lV cancer.
18) Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, the male reproductive system gland. The surgery for prostate removal is calles “Prostatectomy” (removal of the prostate through the bladder for benign prostatic Hyperplasia. The prostate cancer is the most common cancers affecting older men, ages 40 and above, and may cause death if undetected in early stage and not treated.
Skene’s Gland (Female Prostate Cancer)
The Skene’s gland cancer or female prostate cancer, also called ” lesser vestibular glands or U-spot, are glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra (tube that connects the urinary bladder to the genitals for removal out of the body. The males prostate gland, travels through the penis and carries semen as well as urine, while in females, the urethra is shorter and emerges above the vaginal opening.
19) Gall Bladder Cancer
The gallbladder cancer is the most rare disease and not common cancer. The “Porcelain Gallbladder” is related with gall bladder cancer, but the nature of the cancer cells are uncertain. Having abdominal pains after meals, jaundice and vomiting are the most common symptoms of pancreatic disease. The removal of the gallbladder is called Cholecystectomy. The gallstones or the “calculi”, are crystalline concretion that formed in the gallbleadder by accretion of the bile components.
20) Esophageal Cancer
The malignant tumor of the esophagus is known as Esophageal cancer or oesophageal cancer, resulting to difficulty of swallowing or dysphagia, and severe pain and other symptoms are commonly diagnosed with tests and biopsy.The Esophageal carcinoma or oesophageal cancer is malignant tumor growth in the esophagus. There are many kinds of squamous cancer cell, 95% of esophageal cancer around the world, and the adenocarcinoma maybe has 80% of esophageal cancers in United States.
21) Endometrial Cancer
The Endometrial cancer are malignant tumors that grow from the endometrium, or Uterus lining. It is also called as, “Uterine cancer”, most common gynecologic cancers for elderly women and occurs after their menopausal and related with excessive exposure of estrogen and developed in the endometrial hyperplasia and abnormal vaginal bleeding is present. Total Hysterectomy surgery is needed for this case of removal of the uterus, with the most common therapeutic medication, bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy.
22) H-mole or Hydatidiform mole (abnormal pregnancy)
H-Mole or Hydatidiform Mole, is an abnormal pregnancy, where a non-viable fertilized egg implant in the uterus, and converting normal pregnancy process, into a pathological and develop into choriocarcinoma, a malignant tumor of “tropoblast cells” and one of the most malignant tumors in general.
23) Bone Cancer
The bone cancer or bone tumor, referring to a neoplastic growth of the bone tissues, or abnormal growth of tumors found in the bones can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
24 ) Leukemia or Cancer of the Blood
Leukemia or Leukaemia (British english), is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow, as described by an abnormal increase of white blood cells, and the broad term for covering the spectrum of diseases. It is also called the “hematological neoplasms. The bone marrows are found in the flat bones like the hip bones, breast bones, skull, ribs vertebrae, shoulder blades, and the cancellous spongy material at the epiphaseal ends in the long bones such as femur and humerus. The yellow marrow can convert into red marrow in case of loss of blood of the patient and increased blood cell products. Feeling over fatigued, flu-like fever, chills, nausea and feeling of fullness or bloated due to enalraged liver and spleen are most common symptoms of Leukemia.
Lipoma is a benign tumor of soft tissue tumor. Lipomas can be found or grow on adults from 40 to 60 years old, but children can also have Lipoma tumors.
The lymphoma, is a cancer in the lymphatic cells of the immune system, and it is a solid tumor growth of lymphoid cells. Chemotheraphy treatment is needed or in some cases they use radiotherapy or “Bone Marrow” transplant. This is closely related with Lymphoid Leukemia, that originated in lymphocytes and involved only blood circulation and bone marrow(where blood cells generated in a process named “haematopoesis”, but not the usual form of static tumors.
25) Testicular Cancer or Serinoma
The Serimona or testicular cancer, also called the “pure serinoma”, or classical serinoma, is a germ cell tumor(cancer) of the testes. If detected in an early stage, the tumor are curable and can be treated, and have 95% survival of these cases. Removal of one of the affected testes is needed for treatment, but this will not affect fertility and sexual functions. The serinoma growth in the germinal epithelium (inner layer of the testicles) of the seminiferous tubules (found in the testes), and are specific place of meiosis, and the creation of spermatozoa.
The vaginal cancer are any forms of tissues that grows, but considered very rare disease among women. Women exposed to the prescription of the drug DES, are prone to vaginal cancers. Surgery with pelvic radiation is needed for treatment of vaginal cancers which is divided into two types; Vaginal squamous, most common type of vaginal cancers found in women aged 60 and above, and Vaginal adenocarcinoma, vaginal cancers found in most younger women ages 30 or younger.