The men and women’s styling of hair is called a haircut, hairstyle or hairdo, which is an important practice, cultural and popular trend of fashion, personal grooming and cosmetics. People used various hairstyle that depends of their facial structures, the culture where they live and mostly the trend of fashion according to ages. Commonly, most hairstyles are made as symbols of social class, age, marital status, racial identification, political beliefs and attitudes about gender. Women in ancient civilization their hairstyles are styled in more special ways according to religion, traditions and culture practices. However, in some cultures, hairstyles are often used for religious reasons, such in Muslims, Haredi Judaism or European Orthodox communities, the women’s hair is covered while in public, or women’s hair is shaved or cut very short, and covered with wigs. Women begun to sport short hairstyles during the end of World War I, and in fairly natural styles. During the modern time, women began to color their hairs, have it curled, or have it pinned up in many styles they want. During the ancient period, women used wet clay to set curls their hair in waves, which they dried in the sun and then combed out, while some women used a jelly made of quince seeds soaked in water, curling tongs or hair tons and curling iron or hair iron, that create waves or curls in hair using a variety of different methods of various kinds. Straightening irons,or flat irons, is not to be confused with curling irons, work by breaking down the positive hydrogen bonds of the hair found in the hair’s cortex, causing hair to open, bend and become curly. The hairstyling using hair cutting or hair trimming is to create or maintain a hairstyle’s specific shape and form, which may range from simply trimming the hair’s uneven ends to a uniform length to completely shaving the head. Hair brushes and combs are used to organize untangled hair, to fix the hair strands and lay in the same direction and removed dirt from hairs and scalp such as dandruff, lints or hairs that clings to other hairs which have shed already from their follicles.
The process of drying wet hairs in a speed drying process by blowing air, is called the hair dryer or hair blower. Although, excessive heat may increase the rate of shaft-splitting or other damage to the hair by frequent used of hair dryers. Hair dryers is also used as a tool to form the hairstyles to a very slight degree. Using hair dryers must use the proper technique for drying hair, to avoid skin burns and to avoid the heat blow onto the face or scalp.
Styling Tools for Hairstyling
The styling tools needed for hairstyling were, hair irons that includes flat, curling, and crimping irons, hair dryers or blow dyers and hair rollers. Using hair products for hair styling or hair dressing, to add texture, shine, curl, volume or hold to a particular style. In creating particular hairstyles and adorn and arrange the hair, hairpins, clasps, barrettes, headbands, ribbons, rubber bands, scrunchies, and combs can be used to achieve a variety of styles. The styling tools is used to make hair designs vary over different cultural backgrounds. Thinning scissors, thinning shears, texturizing shears or chunking shears are special scissors which barbers and hairdressers reduce hair thickness, creating special hair texture effects or to blend layered hair. The thinning scissors have a pair of pivoted blades in the same way as normal scissors, with one or both blades have a comb like teeth on the edge.
Styling products for Hairstyles
Aside from hair shampoo and hair conditioner , there are other many variety of styling products used for hairstyling, such as conditioning treatments, Leave-in conditioner, mousse, hair gels, hair lotions, hair waxes, hair creams, clays, serums, oils and hair spray to hold in place in certain hairstyle and also used to change the texture or shape of the hair. These styling products must be applied properly onto the hair and scalp, to avoid hair damage apart from drying it out, because most styling products contain alcohols, which can dissolve oils. Most of the hair products contain chemicals which can cause build-up, resulting in dull hair or a change in perceived texture and cause damaged dry hair.
Wigs like the normal hair of a human, needs also care that also needs to be brushed, styled, and kept clean using haircare products. The Synthetic wigs are commonly made from a fine fiber that mimics human hair, while the normal wig is made of human hair that can be styled with heat, and they must be brushed only when dry. The wigs also plays an important role for some people and are worn on a daily or occasional basis in everyday life, and sometimes done for convenience reasons, since wigs can be styled in many ways. Wigs are also worn by cancer patients who underwent a chemotherapy and are experiencing hair loss and also patients suffering from hair loss due to medical reasons such as typhoid fever or alopecia areata. Famous celebrities, known for wearing wigs includes Nicki Minaj, Dolly Parton, Lady Gaga, Diana Ross & The Supremes, Tina Turner, Raquel Welch and Cher and drag queens.
Hair extensions also called Artificial hair integrations, sometimes referred to as a hair hat, add length to human hair by incorporating artificial hair or natural hair collected from other people’s hair. These hair extension techniques are advanced and are used to change the hair styles looking real and normal hairs, unlike wigs sometimes looked unrealistic.
Hair coloring is the process of changing the hair’s color, for some reasons for cosmetic practice, to cover gray hair, or to change hair’s color for fashionable or desirable purposes, or to restore the original hair color after hairdressers discolored hair by hairdressing processes or sun bleaching. Hair dyeing, or hair coloring is an ancient art, using various chemical compounds for hair treatment. Today, Hair coloring is very popular nowadays, with over 75 percent of American women dyeing their hair.
Hair Crimping Hairstyle
A hairstyling process usually a straight, long hair to create wavy, often in a sawtooth fashion is known as hair crimping. In South America, hair crimping is also known as krinkles or deep waves. The crimping hairstyle became a trend and became popular during the mid-1980s. A model sporting a crimped hair in a Chanel runway show in 2007, and it became more popular from late 2007 and 2008. Crimping hairstyling become famous hairstyle and the trend has a tendency to return in ten-year cycles, but now crimping hairstyle is often seen in fashion shows, events and hairstyle shows because of its visually striking effect.
A finger wave is a method of hair setting into curls or waves that was popular during 1920s, 1930s and in the late 1990s in North America and Europe. The finger wave hairstyle process method starts with applying hair lotion to the hair, pinching the hair between the fingers and combing the hair in alternating directions to make a wave shape, and the lotion helps retain its shape. According to “Techniques of the 1920s and 1930s” Finger waves were developed in the 1920s to add style to, and soften the hard appearance of, a short, jerky motion hairstyles that became very popular during the flapper period (were a new breed in the 1920s of young Western women sporting short and bobbed hair, listening to jazz music). A hair styling technique called Marcelling in which hot curling tongs are used to induce a curl into the hair with its appearance almost similar to finger wave hairstyle, but made by a quite different methods. Marcelle hairstyle was a popular hairstyle for women in the 1920s often in conjunction with a bob cut, and one famous celebrity sporting this hairstyle was Josephine Baker.
A permanent wave, usually known as perm or permanent, which the process of curling hair permanently is the use of waving chemicals and curlers, from straight hair to curling hair.The process starts with the hair is washed and wrapped on a perm rod and waving lotion is applied with a base. This waving solution creates a chemical reaction that softens the inner structure of the hair by breaking the bonds of the hair and between the protein chains of the hair. Then soon the hair swells, stretches and softens, then molds around the shape of the perm rod. For people who have natural curly hair or kinky hair, this process of chemical is also used for hair straightening or hair relaxing (a process first developed by Renaud Whittington). This straightening hair process makes use of the same chemical reactions as that of the permanent wave, but the hair is combed straight instead of wrapping the hair around perm rods.
A short haircut style for women (also sometimes men) is called a bob cut or bob in which the hair is typically cut straight around the head at about the level of the jaw-level, often at the front styled with a bangs or fringe. The short hairstyle for women introduced in 1924, such as the shingle bob, where a dome-shaped bob cut, below the hair at the neck is razor cut very short in a v-shape. Sometimes it is called as a graduate bob. There are types of bob cut hairstyle, such as Chinese bob, the hair is cut at the neckline, bobbed up around the edge, A-line bob haircut, is a typical bob cut, with bangs-like slightly longer hair in front, cut in an asymmetrical style, Shingle bob, is an old-fashioned, dome-shaped bob with the back razor-cut very short into a V shape, Buzz cut bob, a haircut with its shoulder-length in the front and close-cropped at the back, and Shaggy bob, a kind of haircut with a messy bob layered with a razor. In the UK and Ireland, the most popular haircut was influenced by fashion icon Victoria Beckham, ex-Spice Girl, having her hair bobbed in the same style, which the hairdressers were asked by girls for a Pob hairstyle, as Victoria Beckham’s nickname Posh Spice similar hairstyle name with bob.
In the 1980s, a hair styling technique which the process involving flattening and straightening of hair called Hair straightening in order to give it a smooth, streamlined, and ‘sleek’ appearance. To obtain more straight hair, hair styling tools such as hair iron, hot comb, chemical relaxers, Japanese hair straightening or the Brazilian hair straightening can be use. There are some shampoos, hair conditioners and hair gels that can help to make hair straight temporarily. In Southeast Asia, such as in Malaysia and the Philippines, this process is often called rebonding. Using styling tools very often, such as flat irons, chemicals for straightening or curling, coloring of hair can cause hair damage often results in split ends and dry hair. However, heat protectant sprays can decrease the damage.
A term used to refer to the Black African hair natural texture, is known as Afro-textured hair, that has not been altered by hot combs, flat irons, and perming, relaxing or straightening chemicals. Each strand of this Afro-textures hair type grows in a tiny spring-like, helix (twisted or curved) shape. Despite relatively fewer hair shafts compared to straight hair, Afro-textured hair appears and feels denser than the straight haired texture. The Afro-textured hair transmit a dry or matte appearance, and the unique hair shape makes it very prone to breakage when combed or brushed.
American single women in the 1800s, started wearing their hair up when they are ready to get married. Unmarried women among the Fulani people of west Africa, they wear their hair ornamented with small amber beads and coins, while married women wear large amber ornaments. In South Sudan, the Toposa women marriage is signified among them, by wearing the hair in many small pigtails. Meanwhile, an unmarried Hopi women worn a butterfly hairstyle a traditional styles characterized by a twist or whorl of hair at each side of the face.
A hairstyle worn by people with lengthy kinky hair texture or styled in fashion with natural curly or straight better known as Afro look, sometimes shortened to Afro or ‘fro and also known as a natural. The Afro hairstyle is created by combing the hair away from the scalp, that allows the hair to extend out from the head in a large, rounded shape, looking like a halo, cloud or ball. The Afro hairstyle is typically made with the help of creams, gels or other solidifying liquids to hold the hair in place for people with natural curly or straight hair. In the late 1960s, the African-American community, the hairstyle is often shaped and maintained with the help of a wide-toothed comb called the Afro pick. The name Afro is derived from the term Afro-American, and the hairstyle is also referred by some as the natural particularly the shorter, elaborate less Afro versions, due in most cases the hair is left untreated by straightening or relaxers chemicals and instead allowed to express its natural curl or kinkiness. The hairstyle Jewfro, is a portmanteau (a combination of two or more words) of the words Jew and Afro or Isro (portmanteau of the words Israel and Afro) refering to a curly hairstyle worn by certain people commonly the Ashkenazi Jewish descent, who often have very tightly curled hair.
The Jheri curl also often spelled Jerry curl or Jeri Curl which was common and popular permed hairstyle in the communities of the African-American, Black Canadian and Black British, during the 1970s and 1980s. Jheri curl was invented by Jheri Redding, the hairdresser. The Jheri curl styled as a glossy, loosely curled look, and also named as a wash and wear hairstyle that was easier to care for than the other popular relaxer chemical treatment. The Jheri hairstyle that is curly and kept moist or a wet-look maintained by a Jheri curl activator, which became popular in the 1980s, sported by famous with African-Americans, that includes, The King of Pop Michael Jackson and American musician and composer Rick James.
The conk hairstyle became popular from the 1920s to the 1960s, among African-American men, derived from congolene, a hair straightener gel made from lye (alternative name of Sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda (NaOH). The conk hairstyle created for men with naturally kinky hair to have it straightened using relaxer chemicals (sometimes the pure corrosive lye chemical), then the new straightened hair could be styled easily in many ways. The hair relaxer is often made at home, by mixing lye, eggs, and potatoes, and the applier must wear gloves and the customer’s hair should be rinsed thoroughly after the relaxer application to avoid burns from chemical mixtures. Conks were often styled as large pompadours hairstyle, but some men prefer to chose to simply slick their straightened hair back, allowing it to lie flat on their heads. In the early years to mid 20th century, several of the popular musicians, sports the conk hairstyle, such as Chuck Berry, Louis Jordan, Little Richard, James Brown, The Miracles and the members of The Temptations. The conk hairstyle is required a little effort to maintain, which men with conk hairstyle often had to wear a do-rag (also known as durag of some sort at home, to prevent sweat or other agents that can cause the hair to revert to its natural state prematurely. And also, the conk style required repeated relaxer’s application as new hair grew in, which needs to be chemically straightened. In 1968, the blues legend Muddy Waters sports the conk hairstyle for their promotional ads for their album Electric Mud.
An asymmetric cut is a haircut in which the hair is cut in such a way that the hair does not have left-right symmetry and one side is cut or appears to be longer than the other. Kate Gosselin, the reality television star became well known for her asymmetrical cut, which she has since changed.
A short hairstyle sported by women is called, pixie cut, commonly cut short on the back and sides of the head and slightly longer on the top. In the late 1950’s, the Pixie cuts were popularized were famous celebrity sports the hairstyle like actress Audrey Hepburn where she wore the style in her debut film Roman Holiday, and later by actress Mia Farrow, in the 1960s and British supermodel Twiggy, then even actress Goldie Hawn in sketch comedy television program, Laugh-In and the late actress Jean Seberg. Pixie haircut range from short as a half inch in some places to two or three inches long depending on the hairstyle. Pixie haircut are worn in casual style, or style it for special occasions and easy to maintain.
A shag cut is a hairstyle that has been cut in layered style to various lengths, which was created by the barber Paul McGregor. The layered hair are often feathered at the top and sides, make the hair layers in full around the crown, and thinned the hair thins to fringes around the edges. This shag hairstyle is a unisex style, which became popular after being sported by well known celebrities during the 1970s, such as, Joan Jett, Mick Jagger, Rod Stewart, David Cassidy, Jane Fonda and Florence Henderson. Actress Jennifer Aniston, popularized The Rachel hairstyle during the 1990s. The Rachel haircut, also called The Rachel, is a square layered hair with bouncy hairstyle. The Rachel haircut was introduced by Jennifer Aniston on television show, Friends and named after her “Rachel” character. However, Jennifer Aniston did not maintain the Rachel hairstyle, because she disliked it, but the hair cut was very popular and widely imitated and in the early 2000s, actress Meg Ryan sported the shag hairstyle.
A hairstyle for women, where their long hair is piled up in a conical shape on the top of their head, and slightly comb backwards pointing similar to the shape of a beehive, thus the name of the hairstyle was named Beehive hairstyle.The beehive hairstyle, originated as one of a teased hair variety and lacquered versions of big hair, that was created from earlier hairstyles pageboy and bouffant styles. This hairstyle was created by the owner of the Margaret Vinci Coiffures in Chicago, Margaret Vinci Heldt in 1960 of Elmhurst, Illinois. The bouffant hairstyle, is a type of style, described as the hair raised high on the head and hanging down on the sides, which became popular during the 1960s until the early 1970s.
Big Hair Hairstyle
Big hair is a hairstyles that emphasize large volume or largely styled hair, commonly hair styles which occupy a big space above and around the head. The name big hair styles originated in the late 1970s, when these kind of hair styles became very popular, and the name has been applied to similar hairstyles that have become fashionable at various periods. The big hair hairstyle became fashionable during this period, where famous actress Farrah Fawcett first displayed a poster and becoming an iconic example. The big hair hairstyle is also associated with the exaggerated stereotypical femininity which is worn by drag queens during performances, likewise with the same gender performers. In the 1980’s the big hair style became popular to both genders, the hairstyle is associated with the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s, popularized by punk, glam also known as glitter rock, goth and alternative cultures. From these origins, This big hair style became a feature of a number of Japanese street and alternative fashions, including Harajuku and ganguro.
Blow Out or Temple Fade Haircut
The Temple Fade, also known as a Brooklyn Fade, Low Fade, or Blowout, is a hairstyle which became popular during the early 2000’s, which became a trend in the northeast, particularly in Philadelphia, and some parts on New York and New Jersey. The hairstyle temple fade or blowout is popularized by Rob Reha, the Gotti Boys, on their reality television Growing Up Gotti series, and by popular viral video My New Haircut. The blowout hairstyle is featured on the 2009 to 2011’s The Jersey Shore MTV reality show. This reality television show has produced blowout-themed parties, pub crawls, and viewing parties, and Pauly D, is an advocate of the blowout hairstyle and also appeared in viral videos to show other people how to create and maintain a blowout. Andrew Zarian, Internet Radio Host, has been attributed as one of the first people to bring the hair style in Queens, New York. The famous Jersey Shore, piqued new interest in the blowout cut and spread throughout the United States, and became popular among the Italians-Americans, South Asians-Americans, Arab-Americans and Mexican-Americans.
A bowl cut, or bowl haircut, also known as a helmet haircut or a mushroom cut, is a simple and plain short haircut where the hair is cut with straight bangs on the front, then the rest of the hair is cut on the same length all the way around or is cut short on the sides and back. The name bowl haircut, is named due to it looks like a bowl on the head, and cut off or trimmed short all the visible hair. Commonly the bowl cut is sported often by children and also known as a cheap and easy haircut. Historically, The bowl haircut became popular among common people of kinds of nationalities as a neat and clean cut, easy by a non-professional. During the 1930s, The bowl cut was the signature haircut of the Three Stooges, actor and comedian Moe Howard, Jim Carrey and Eric Christian Olsen sported when he portrayed as Lloyd Christmas in the Dumb and Dumber film series. Other famous celebrities sported blowout haircut such as Leonard Nimoy and Zachary Quinto as Mr Spock, in The Hobbit film Adam Brown as character Ori, and in the Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace the child actor Jake Lloyd played the role as Anakin Skywalker.
The pageboy or page boy is a modern hairstyle for female or male, named after what was believed to be the pudding-basin haircut of a late medieval years’ page boy a haircut from straight hair hanging to below the ear, where the edge of the hair commonly folds under, is also similar to a long bob cut style. Pageboy hairstyle often styled with fringe or bangs in the front which became famous and popularized and created for women’s hairstyle in the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1950’s, glamor and fetish model Betty Page, popularized pageboy hairstyle with the bangs. The page boy hairstyles was introduced to the public, although this association was not acceptable to women’s magazine editors but known historically worn by English pageboys. A pageboy style is a haircut is designed for medium to short length hair, while during the 1950’s, the pageboy generally stopped at shoulder-length but was reformed later, cutting the hair to just below the ear, where it curls under, while in a reverse pageboy, the hair is curled outwards and called pageboy flip. Nowadays, the pageboy is generally shoulder-length or a little longer.
Hime cut commonly known as princess cut in Japanese, is a straightened long hairstyle, with usually cheek-length sidelocks and frontal fringe or bangs. The Hime cut hairstyle is thought to have originated, during the Heian Period Imperial Court of the Japanese history, where noble women sometimes grow out their hair all their life. For women without naturally straight hair, the Hime cut requires high-maintenance with frequent touch-ups on the sidelocks and frontal bangs to maintain their shape. Straightening irons help maintain hair straightening and specially formulated shampoos for straight hair. Some certain hair types deal some problems with humidity which is cited as a problem, as the curling caused by excess humidity can change the shape of the hair. Hair Extensions and weaves are used occasionally, for the sidelocks to prevent the curling problem.
A Ukranian traditional hairstyle, known crown braid or crown plait usually worn by women with long hair. The Crown braid hairstyle is a single braid wrapped around the head, and is the trademark hairstyle worn by Ukrainian politician Yulia Tymoshenko, also similar hairstyle sported by Mexican painter, Frida Kahlo
A bun hairstyle also known as a bobtail, is a type of hairstyle, which the hair is being pulled back from the face, plaited or twisted, wrapping in a circular coil like around, usually on the back of the head or neck, commonly sported by women. The bun or bobtail hairstyle can be secured with a hairpiece, a hairnet and bobby pins or hairpins. The bun hairstyle can be styled tightly gathered or slightly messier and more informal style. The buns, similar to ponytails, may cause headaches if worn too tight or up too high on the head. The bun hairstyle is common for female college professors in India, as the symbol status of their profession. The bun hairstyle are not often seen men sporting this hairstyle, but some bun are worn by men, in a practical way such as in sport like samurais or using it in a formal way. A ballet bun is worn high on the head, used by almost all female ballet dancers and some few notable exceptions of male ballet dancers. Ballet dancers make their buns tightly and neat and often use hairnets and bobby pins to secure the buns, and this is important while turning the twisted hair, as loose buns may fall out and the bun has to look presentable. The bun hairstyle in China is called ox horns.
Similar style to bun hairstyle, a chignon is a popular type of hairstyle, which is derived from the French phrase chignon du cou, which means nape of the neck. The hairstyle chignon has style variations, and is achieved by pinning the hair into a knot at the nape of the neck or at the back of the head. The chignon hairstyle are frequently worn for special occasions, such as weddings and formal dances, but also worn fore everyday casual wear. One famous personality who is notable for chignon hairstyle is Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese democracy leader.
Pigtail, twintail or twin tail, has different variation, such as styled in a braid of tightly woven hair. The name pigtail is based on the short, thin, kinked tail of a pig, which referred to a short, tight braid may stand out from the scalp through asymmetric weave tension, and the term can also apply to a single braid, that focus on the knobby texture of the hair structure. The term pigtail or pigtails in British English refers specifically to bunched hair that has been braided or plaited. Pigtails in some places, where this usage is common, bunches are unbraided pairs of pigtails, also called twintails, angel wings, two ponytails, and dog ears are a hairstyle in which the hair is parted down the middle and gathered into two ponytails or symmetrical bundles, secured near the scalp and a ponytail a single bunch, tied up in a position on the head. Hair bunches in Japan, are called twin tails, and one popular variation is the odango or bun hairstyle, in which each ponytail is partially coiled around its base forming small bun from which the remaining length hangs free. In India, Tamil schoolgirls wear their hair in a pair of long braids, according to Indian customs, with end braid looped up the end and fastened with red ribbon to its base.
A hairstyle known as ponytail, which all the hair on the head is pulled back from the face, and be gathered at the back of the head or base of the neck and being secured with a hair tie, ribbon or scrunchy an elastic hair tie, and allowed to hang freely from that point. The name pony tail is derived from its resemblance to the tail of a horse or pony. Ponytails may also be worn at the side of the head, sometimes considered formal, which is worn over one ear, depends on the fashions, or on the very top of the head which allows the hair to fall down the back or one side of the head. Pigtails or bunches, is a hairstyle done by dividing the hair so that it hangs in two sections, if left loose, or as pigtails or plaited or braids. Ponytails which is unbraided worn above each ear are sometimes known as dog-ears. Among famous celebrity noted for sporting ponytails, is actor Steven Seagal in his role in Marked for Death. An Indian man who became popular and registered in the Guinness Book of World Records, Sailendra Nath Roy, known for using his braided long hair for traveling on a zip wire. Sailendra Nath Roy, zip lined using his braided looped ponytail, which he tied and attached to the zip wire, traveled the entire 82.5 m. On April 28, 2013, Roy died of heart failure, at age 49, while trying to beat his own record of farthest distance traveled on a zip wire using his hair, during his record try at Teesta River. Roy’s braided ponytail became stuck in the rope’s wheeler halfway through his stunt and he was left hanging in midair for about 25 minutes.
A French braid, or French plait, is a type of braided hairstyle in the simple form of three-strand braid, which all the hair is initially divided into three sections, and simultaneously gathered together near the scalp. In contrast, French braid starts with three small sections of hair near the crown of the head, then the hair are braided together toward the nape of the neck, adding gradually more hair to each section as it crosses in from the side into the center of the braid structure. This kind of braid style start on top of the head and braid it till the end of the hair. Braiding with different braid style, or in this manner can be done, but the most popular are the classic braid type and the fishtail braid type.
A French twist is a common updo hair styling technique, which is created by gathering hair in a low ponytail style but not secured and twisting the ponytail upwards until it turns in on itself against the head. Soon the twisted ponytail is up, then secured with pins, clips, sticks or a comb. The French twist hairstyle became popular in the late 1950s,1960s, and early 1970s. The French twists are commonly worn during formal affairs, proms and weddings, when they are in a tight fashion, but sometimes, French twist could be wear in a messier, or looser look at the office or out on the town. Hair clips are also commonly used with French twists.
Cornrows, also called in the Caribbean as rows, braids, or canerows, are a traditional African hairstyle where the hair is braided in continuous raised rows very close to the scalp, using an underhand, in an upward motion. As its name implies on the hairstyle, the Cornrows are often created, in simple, straight lines, but they can also be formed in complicated geometric or curvilinear designs. The cornrows hairstyle is easy to maintain, because the rows can be left in for weeks, and if maintained through careful washing of the hair and regular oiling of the scalp. Some users groomed their Cornrow hairstyle by adorned with beads or cowry shells. Cornrows are typically worn by either men, women, or both, and depending on the region of conutries.
Dreadlocks, also called locks, dreads, or Jata in Hindi language, are tangled together in a dense mass coils of hair. Most dreadlocks are created because of the various types of hair textures, and vary in methods used to encourage the formation of locks such as backcombing or also known as teasing or ratting. Additionally,The dreadlocks when formed, it can leave long hair to its own devices by not brushing or cutting the hair, encouraging the hair to tangle together as it grows, forming to twisted, matted ropes of hair known as dreadlocks. The dreadlocks’ recent method is referred typically, to as the neglect, natural, organic method. Some people have common misconception is that those who have dreadlocks do not wash their hair, but actually, person who wore dreadlocks care require to wash their hair up to twice a week.
Backcombing also known as teasing or ratting is a way of combing the hair, used to create volume as well as to create some hairstyles. The grooming of hair backcombing which means combing the hair repeatedly towards the scalp, that cause the hair to tangle and knot up. This process of combing the hair is often used in creating various big hair styles like the beehive and bouffants hairstyles which teasing of hair is required.Due to backcombing methods frequently rubs against the scales of the cuticles of hair, it causes serious and progressive damage to the integrity of the hair, leading to weakening and breakage of hair and can also cause tangles near the hair’s root that are very difficult to untangle. Backcombing frequently is not recommended for those who wants to maintain long, healthy hair. Personalities who groomed backcombing hairstyles are, Robert Smith of the band The Cure, British comedian noted for his backcomb hair Russell Brand, The Horrors band members Faris Rotter and Joshua Third, English band Brandon Jacobs of Neils Children, Harry B. Wade former guitarist of My Passion, Noel Fielding of The Mighty Boosh, English actress Helena Bonham Carter (known for her villainess role Bellatrix Lestrange in Harry Potter) and Tim Minchin, Australian comedian and musician and American singer and songwriter Cyndi Lauper, frequently groom teased hair.
Cyberlocks or Synthetic dreads
Synthetic dreads, also known dread extensions, dread falls, and cyberlocks, are synthetic hair formed in interlocked coils, mostly kanekalon , giving the look and feel of natural dreadlocks not worrying about the hair maintenance. The cyberlocks hair tsyle are mainly worn as a fashion term for the cybergoth subculture. The cybergoth fashion is a mixed influences from the techno version and other electronic music in America and the United Kingdom. The Cybergoths dressed in bright colors, neon lights, lots of plastic, loud, or kandi costume jewelry and fake hair one of the most essential items. Cybergoth and cyberpunks fashion commonly used synthetic dreads or falls and are easily accessorized with LED threads of light, yarn, wool, tubed crin, better known as Cyberlocks, beads and many more. Single ended dreads known as dread falls, looped onto a piece of lace or elastic, commonly attached by pony tail or pigtail ranging from short to long, and are customized easily. The cyberlocks or dread falls are worn and removed without damaging or strain on natural hair.
Hair twists, flat twists, or mini-twists, are a hairstyle popular among Afro-textured hair in the United States, and also with some other hair textures. The hair twists style is created and achieved by dividing the hair into sections, then twists strands of hair, then twisting two twisted strands around one another, and also be created with a comb with one strand of hair at a time. The hair twists are not to be confused with larger, longer dreadlocks or locs. The hair twists can be made when natural curly hair is still wet and and soaked with hot water and somewhat relaxed, then when the hair dries, it will shrink, and create a tightly woven hair texture to the hair twists. However hair with different texture and dry hair is also capable for the hair twists. The hair twists can be mixed or form a combination at the same time with other hairstyles, such as Afro and Afro-puffs. An individual wearing hair twists hairstyle are advised by hairdressers to cover their hair with a headscarf or durag at night in order to maintain the twists hairstyle. Hair twists variation is called a twistout, such as untwisted hair previously twisted create a large, loosely crimped hair texture, same features to hair crimping on ordinary straight hairs among Caucasian-textured hair.
Butch cut Hairstyle
A butch cut is a haircut type in which the hair is cut short in every dimension on the top of the head. A butch cut is also known as short brush cut or a brush cut, while burr cut is a butch haircut which is cut at less than one quarter of an inch on top. Most Butch cuts are groomed or styled in a traditional way with butch wax, a hair control wax.The butch hair is cut below the upper portion of the sides and back of the head is narrowed short or semi-short with a clipper similar to a crew cut. A variety of short hair styles, commonly designed with electric clippers is called buzz cut, which also include the butch cut, crew cut, flattop and the ivy league. The buzz cut hairstyle may be clipped in a uniform short length on top of the head, and formed a butch cut, into one of several geometric shapes including other similar hair cuts such as the crew cut and flattop, as well as other short hair styles.
Hi-top fade Haircut
A hi-top fade is a haircut style where hair on the sides is cut off or kept very short while the hair on the top of the head is very long, in contrast, a low fade cut is when hair on the top of the head is kept shorter. In 1997, the hi-top fade hairstyle was out of fashion, though in the late 2000s, the haircut has slowly made a return in fashion publicly. The hi-top fade hairstyle was still is commonly called just a flattop, due to the similarity of the two hairstyles. The hi-top fade could qualify as a variation on the flattop due to many similarities of styles.
An Ivy League, also known as a Harvard Clip or Princeton, is a crew cut type of haircut, in which the hair on the top of the head is long enough to style with a side part. The Ivy League is worn with a side part and with the top hair brushed to the side, and can be styled with or without the short bangs being brushed up to produced a short front pompadour. The haircut Ivy League is groomed or styled with butch wax, a hair control wax.
Pompadour is a hairstyle which is named after Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of King Louis XV. Pompadour hairstyle has numerous variations of the style for both women and men, in which the basic concept of the hair, is brush or combed upwards from the face and worn high over the forehead, though sometimes it is combed upswept around the sides and back as well. During the 1940s, the pompadour style was in vogue for women once again. While the men’s version of the pompadour style, as seen worn by early rock and roll celebrities such as Elvis Presley became popular in the late 1950s. The pompadour hairstyle in Japan, the Punch perm combines Afro hairstyle elements and the traditional pompadour, which is worn by less reputable members of society, including the yakuza, bōsōzoku and chinpira (street thugs). The pompadour hair style recently has been adopted in the late 1950’s by those ardent with old culture and early 1960s that includes American folk music, vintage cars, hot rods, rockabilly bands and celebrities such as Little Richard and Elvis Presley, also actors such as James Dean and Desi Arnaz. Today, The pompadour hairstyle returned and is notably worn by famous celebrities such as Justin Bieber, Bruno Mars, Macklemore, David Beckham, Zac Efron, Zayn Malik of One Direction, Alex Turner of Arctic Monkeys and Justin Timberlake and the 40th President of the United states Ronald Reagan.
The mohawk also known as mohican is a hairstyle in which, the most common style, is both sides of the head are shaven, leaving a strip of longer hair in the center. The Mohawk is also sometimes called as an iro in reference to the Iroquois, from where hairstyle is derived and originated, though historically the hair was plucked out rather than shaved. The Mohawk hairstyles bearing these names more similarity worn by the Pawnee, American native people, rather than the Mohawk, Mohican/ Mahican, Mohegan Indian tribe or other similar tribes. The stereotypical cossack style haircut in Ukrainian is known as Khokhol that features a lock of hair sprouting from the top or the front of a shaven head, commonly worn as a pejorative term for ethnic Ukrainians.This khokhol haircut has the same term in Russian and other terms in Ukrainian is Chupryna or oseledets and was often braided or tied in a topknot.
Liberty spikes is a hairstyle with similar features of the Mohawk hairstyle, grooming the hair in long, thick, upright spikes.The Liberty spike style, is associated with the punk subculture, which the hairstyle has a resemblance to the spikes on the head of the Satue of Liberty. However, the origins of the Liberty spikes style was traced to the Ancient Britons Warriors washed their long hair in lime water, which also bleached it blond. The Liberty spikes hairstyle was a highly symbolic as a badge of honor and manhood, while the Celts were not allowed to cut and spike their hair until they had killed an enemy. After the conquest of Britain, the spiked hair fell out of use in favor of short Roman haircuts. In the 1970s, the Liberty spike emerged in the British punk subculture but kind of messy, choppy hair referred to the long smooth hairstyles by hippies and disco fans. The Liberty spikes originally were small, as worn by modern-day pop punk and metrosexuals fans, but changed by the 1980s with tall liberty spikes style, often over a foot in length.The Goth subculture also worn Liberty spike hairstyle, although they were dyed their hair black instead the same worn by punk rockers preferred bright unnatural colors.
Topknot hairstyle or haircut, prevalent in Asian history, such as Chonmage, a Japanese traditional haircut worn by men, commonly associated with the Edo Period and samurai, and worn by sumo wrestlers in recent times. A topknot or Chonmage is a hairstyle method of using hair knots to hold a samurai helmet steady on the top of the head during battle, and later became a status symbol in Japanese society.
The sikha or śikhā which means crest is a long tuft, or lock of hair left on top or on the back of the shaven head of a male Orthodox Hindu traditionally, however, all Hindus are no longer required to wear a śikhā, nowadays, this hairstyle is worn mainly among Brahmachari, a ‘celibate monks‘ and temple priests. The Hindu men shave off all their hair traditionally as a child in a Sanskāra or ritual known as the Chudakarana or the Mundana (literally, tonsure). A lock of hair is left at the crown Sahasrara. Unlike Although in most other eastern cultures such as ancient Egypt, where a transition from childhood to adulthood ceremony removed locks of hair during childhood, similar to the śikhā for example, a forelock or pigtails in China, a topknot in Thailand, a sidelock in Egypt, and other countries culture, while in India this hairstyle is maintained throughout adulthood, though commonly only the most orthodox religious men will continue to wear this hairstyle, which is tied back or knotted to perform religious rites. The śikhā untied loose hair are performed only in funerals and death anniversaries, because, untied loose hair is considered inauspicious, and represents times of great sorrow or calamity. Sikhā in Tamil word is kudumi and is represented in two styles traditionally. The most common kudumi is the identical to the śikhā, is called Pin Kudumi with a knotted lock of hair on the crown of the head and the rest of the hair shaved off. While the Mun-Kudumi is a hair style where the hair grow long in the front and knotted to the forehead, which this hairstyle was famous among ancient South Indian Brahmin groups.The Ukrainian Cossacks or Zaporozhians hairstyles called oseledets or khokhol was a little bit similar to the śikhā.
Rattail and Queue Hairstyle
A rattail is a hairstyle described by a long tail-like hair growing downward from the back of the head, which usually hangs naturally, however, it can be styled by braiding, treated as a dread, permed, straightened or curled with an iron. Some individual preferred to grow several tails as opposed to a single very long tail. During the 1980s, the rattail stayed a brief period of popularity and has rapidly fallen out of trend, but has renewed popularity recently. Similar to rattail, the queue or cue hairstyle, frequently used in reference to men, in which the hair, often braided, is worn long and gathered up into a ponytail. The queue hairstyle was worn traditionally by group of Native Americans and the Manchu people of Manchuria.The queue hairstyle is styled with the head shaved off above the temples every ten days, leaving the long hair on the front of the head and the rest of the long hair braided into a long ponytail. The queue hairstyle was compulsory and oblige all males to wore the traditional hairstyle and execute for all who do not follow the law as it was considered treason. After the fall of the Qing dynasty, in the early 1910, the Chinese no longer had to wear the queue hairstyle. During the 18th century, the Native American and the British soldiers and sailors worn queue hairstyle.
The shaving of hair or Head shaving is the practice of hair shaving all parts or partly shaved their heads at different times and places for reasons such as, practical, religious, cultural or aesthetic and thus head shaving has widely various connotations depending on the context. The head shaving originated in the earliest historical records describing in ancient cultures in the Mediterranean, such as Egypt (in which the Egyptian priest class removed all hairs on their head, eyebrows, beard and body by plucking as rituals), Greece and Rome. The head shaving has been a practice in the military. Most prisoners usually shaved their heads, supposedly to prevent the head lice from spreading, but may also be used as a degrading measure. Head shaving is worn popularly by Buddhists, Hajj pilgrims and Vaisnavas, especially Hare Krishna movement’s members, some Hindu and Buddhist monks and nuns, upon entering their order, and also Korean Buddhist monks their shaved heads every 15 days. The Muslims have their head shaved when performing Umrah (a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia). Some British working class youths created the skinhead subculture in the 1960s, whose members were noted by short cropped hair (although they didn’t shave their heads right down to the scalp during that time). This skinhead look was influenced partly by the Jamaican rude boy style. However head shaving is commonly worn by people affected with alopecia or men with Alopecia areata to hide the effects or balding or severe hair loss. Famous celebrities sporting the head shave were Michael Jordan, Mark Messier, Andre Agassi, Kerry King of Slayer, Rob Halford of Judas Priest, Billy Corgan of the Smashing Pumpkins, Phil Selway of Radiohead, Michael Stipe of R.E.M, Chris Daughtry of Daughtry Band, theoretical physicist Kip Thorne, and actors Bruce Willis and Mark Strong.The head shaving are often associated with characters who display a direction or movement and disciplined attitude in modern time. Actors who shaved their heads include Yul Bryner, Vin Diesel, and Samuel L. Jackson in roles such as Mace Windu and Nick Fury.
Comb over Hairstyle
A comb over or combover is a hairstyle worn by bald or balding men, in which they allow their hair grow longer (on the side or back) and combed over the bald area covering the evidence of baldness. Japanese men with comb overs are called bar code men which refers to the similarity between the striations or parallel lines caused by the comb and the Universal Product Code (UPC) (a barcode symbology) on products. The barcode style is called bākōdo na kamigata in Japanese. Famous personalities sporting comb over haistyles were Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, two people in the UK noted for their comb overs are Robert Robinson former chairman of Call My Bluff and Bobby Charlton World Cup winner and known as the king of the comb over. Also noted for the comb over hairstyle is Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika not only in Algeria but also the neighboring countries. American business magnate, investor and television personality, Donald Trump has been a topic for humor for his comb-over.
Mod Haircut or Wings haircut
The Wings haircut also known as flippies or flow is a popular hairstyle trend in the 2000s, usually from the skateboarding, surfer, and preppy community. The wings haircut are typically long, but the style can range from long and drooping below the eyes, to a shorter length, typically wavy and the length comes to halfway down the ears if the hair is straight. Instead of lying on the ears of the person, the hair flips up and comes straight out like a wing. This wings hairstyle was first worn by gentlemen from the Victorian era of 1830s until the 1890s, commonly with a beard, muttonchop or sideburns. In the 1950s, the pompadour hairstyle became popular, from the end of World War I, where younger men cut their hair very short for an athletic look. The wings haircut was worn as an alternative to the bob cut and pageboy during the 1920s, a hairstyle by flappers (a new breed of young women in the Western in 1920s) and young children of both sexes.The hair of the women grew increasingly longer after the war until the 1960s when it made a comeback among younger women like Twiggy until the 1970s. The Emos incorporated a fringe or bangs and have their hair dyed black, while preppies (refers to a modern, widespread subculture in the United States) imitated the neater, and added more styled version by popular pop singers such as Justin Bieber and Harry Styles from the group One Direction.
Curtained hair is a hairstyle styled with a long bangs or fringe, divided in a middle parting or a side parting, with short or shaved sides and back. The curtained hairstyle, generally applies for men, although an alternative name following this kind of style, the undercut, is sported by both male and female haircuts.
The hairstyle devilock is created by Jerry Only, bassist of Misfits in the late 1970s. In an early 1980s interview, Jerry Only claimed that the devilock hairstyle, was based on a tidal wave hairstyle seen among the skateboarding communities in 1970s. Glenn Danzig, the former vocalist of Misfits explains that his version of the hairstyle developed from an imitation of Eddie Munster‘s hairstyle.
Feathered hair a hairstyle that became popular among men and women in the 1970s and the early 1980s. The Feathered hairstyle, was grown long on both sides, usually covering the ears, although it could be also shoulder length, not layered, although some men with curly hair did have it layered, with parting of hair on either a side or center of the head.The feathered hairsyle would be brushed back at the sides, to give an appearance similar bird feathers, which became phenomenal famous hairstyle in the early 1970s. Among famous celebrities who sport the feathered hairstyle were Tim Brooke Taylor of The Goodies, Eric Idle (worn it for a short time between about 1969 and 1971), Farrah Fawcett and Don Johnson, Hayden Panettiere, Heather Locklear and Naomi Watts.Today, Feathered hair is cut so as to wave gently, and generally mid-length or shoulder length nowadays.
Payot also called pe’ot, peyot, payos, peyos, peyois, payois is the Hebrew word for sidelocks or sidecurls, which is commonly worn by some men and boys in the Orthodox Jewish community based on a Biblical interpretation injunction against shaving the corners of one’s head, in which the literal meaning of pe’ah is corner, side or edge. Payots have different styles among Haredi, Yemenite, and Hasidic Jews. The Yemenite Jews call their sidelocks simonim in Hebrew, which means signs, because their sidelocks served as distinguishing feature in the Yemenite society from their non-Jewish neighbors.
Sideburns, sideboards, or side whiskers are patches of facial hair, which was allowed to grow on the sides of the face, that extends from the hairline to below the ears and worn with an unbearded or shaved chin. In the 19th century, the name sideburns the changing of language of the original term burnsides, named after American Civil War General Ambrose Burnsdie, a man famous for his unusual facial hairstyle connected to his thick sideburns, to his moustache with chin shaved and clean. Later the name Burnside was changed to sideburns,because of their location on the face. Some sideburns can grow and be worn in combination with other facial hair styles, such as the moustache or goatee (facial hair hat grows on a man’s chin), but once they extend from ear to ear through the chin they end to be sideburns and become a beard, chinstrap beard (type of facial hair that extends from the hair line of one side of the face to the other, following the jawline), or chin curtain beard also called a Donegal or Lincoln beard, (a particular facial hair style that grows along the jaw line and covering the chin). In 1960s and 1970s, the sideburns gained new connotations among youth subcultures such as hippies and skinheads although often favor muttonchops or sideburns. During the mid 1950s, sideburns made a comeback, when actor Marlon Brando was noted for his sideburns in his 1953 film The Wild One. Elvis Presley promoted sideburns which were sported by hoods, greasers and rockers as a symbol of young men of rebellious post adulthood manliness who rejected to be Ivy League.
The quiff hairstyle is a combined pompadour and flattop hairstyles of the 1950s, and sometimes a mohawk hairtsyle. The quiff origin of the word not certain but thought it may be derive from the French word coiffe which means either a hairstyle or, mail knights in ancient years, worn over the head of the knights under their helmets. The hairstyle was a predominant in the British Teddy Boy originally known as Cosh Boys movement, but became popular again in the early 1980’s in Europe and became popular nowadays. The quiff hairstyle in the modern time, which is popular among celebrities, is styled as plenty of hair at the front of the top of the head, receding into shorter hair at the back with a trimmed back and sides. Celebrities seen sporting quiffs include, Janelle Monáe, actor James Dean, Elvis Presley, singer, Matthew Helders singer.