Amazing and Strange Natural Environment
The natural environment surround all living and non-living things that exists naturally on Earth. The complete ecological units functioning as natural environment without any intervention by human that includes, microorganisms, soil, vegetation, rocks, natural phenomena, atmosphere of the earth, that happens within the boundary of natural environment. The natural resources and physical phenomena boundaries lacking in clear cut, like climate, air, water, energy, radiation, magnetism and electric charge, which do not originate from the human activities. The built environment is the contrast of the natural environment, that include the areas and components which is influenced by the humans, and geographically as natural environment. The synonym for habitat is called the Natural environment, as example, when we think of giraffes or other animals, then we could tell that their natural environment is called the savanna.
1) Built Environment
The name built environment refers to the human-made structural from buildings, houses, parks or green space, cities and neighborhoods and for human activities supporting infrastructure, such as water supply, or energy networks.
Urban planning (also known as the urban, city, and town planning) is a technical and political process of the urban environment concerning with the control of the use of land and design, that includes transportation networks, to guide and ensure the settlements and communities orderly development. The urban planning concerns with architecture, public consultation, urban design, research and analysis, strategic thinking, implementation and management and policy recommendations.
The scientific study of the living organisms’ relationship with their natural environment is called Ecology.
The crystalline form of (Al2O3) aluminum oxide with iron, chromium and titanium traces is known as the Corundum. The transparent specimens are used as gems, the red gem is called ruby, and the color pink-orange is known as the padparadscha. Then all other colors are called sapphire, for instance for green sapphire for a green specimen.
The subset of geology is known as Mineralogy which specialize in scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, physical and optical minerals properties. The mineralogy specific studies include the processes of mineral origin and formation, mineral classifications, utilization and geographical distributions.
The ecosystem type of the tropical rainforest that occurs roughly within the 28 degrees latitudes, north or south of the equatorial tropical rainforests are thought to be a tropical wet forest type or the tropical moist broadleaf forest, and can be also referred as the lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
The temperate and the humid biome is called the Mixed forests . The mixed forests typical structure includes four layers, which the uppermost layer is the canopy composed of matured tall trees. The Biomes are defined similarly climatic and geographically similar conditions on the Earth, like their plant and animals community and the soil organisms, and are referred often to as the ecosystems. Some parts of the earth have more or less the similar types of abiotic (non-living physical and chemical environmental factors affecting the ecosystems) and biotic (a living component of a community,for instance, the plants and animals organisms) factors spreading over a large area, creating a typical ecosystem over that area. Such major ecosystems are termed as biomes, and defined by factors such as plant structures, like shrubs, trees, and grasses, leaf types, for example, broadleaf and needleleaf, forest, woodland, savanna plant spacing and climate.
Temperate deciduous forests or temperate broad-leaf forests are influenced by trees that lose their leaves each year. They are commonly found in areas where warm moist summers alternate with mild winters, thus it is known as deciduous forests.
A grassland ecosystem characterized by trees which is sufficiently widely or sometimes small spacing of the canopy will not close is called a savanna, or savannah. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground supporting the unbroken herbaceous layer consisting of grasses primarily.
The general term for the plant life is called the Vegetation referring to the ground cover (plants growing over the ground areas, providing protection from drought and erosion, improving its aesthetic appearance, by concealing bare earth, provided by plants. Vegetation is broader than the flora term (the plant life that occur in a particular region or time, that occurs naturally or the life of indigenous native plant, referred to as exclusively to composition species. Maybe the closest synonym for vegetation is plant community, and often referred to a wider range of spatial scales or large as the global term. The term vegetation includes Primeval redwood forests, coastal mangrove stands, sphagnum bogs, desert soil crusts, roadside weed patches, wheat farms, cultivated gardens and lawns.
Soil is a natural body consisting of layers of the soil horizons, composed of minerals primarily, which differ from their parent materials in their textures, structures, consistency, colors, chemicals, biological and other characteristics. It is the unconsolidated or loose covering of fine rock particles covering earth’s surface.
A rock in geology, is a natural occurrence of aggregated solid or one or more minerals or mineraloids. For example, granite a common rock, is a combination of the quartz, feldspar and biotite minerals. The Earth’s outer solid layer, the lithosphere, is made of rock. The three major groups of rocks defined as the, metamorphic, sedimentary and igneous. And the essential component of geology and scientific study of rocks is called petrology.
The pile or stack of stones which is used for man-made pile as a marker at the mountain summit or hills, is called the Cairn.
9) Natural Phenomena
The engineered event produced by humans which can affect them like aging, pathogens, natural disasters, death is called natural phenomenon. Examples of natural phenomena include the weather, sunrise, free fall, erosion, fog (which is harmless to human health), and decomposition, breaking waves, tornado, hurricane, snowstorm,thunderstorms,thundersnow,sandstorms, flash floods, aurora borealis, tsunami, earthquakes, volcano eruptions and many more disasters and catastrophe.
10) Natural Resource
Natural resources occur within the environments naturally, existing relatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural form. A natural resource is characterized often by amounts of biodiversity and geodiversity existent in different kinds of ecosystems. The materials and components of the natural resources or some materials can be used and can be found within the natural environment.
The body of a saline water is called ,that composes a large part of a hydrosphere of the planet, a continuous body of water, and divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas. The major divisions of oceans is divided by numerous archipelagos, continents, and some divisions in descending order of size such as the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean.
A river is any flowing body of water and a natural watercourse, a freshwater usually, flowing toward an ocean, a lake, a sea or another river. In a some cases, a river simply flows into the ground or dries up completely before reaching another body of water. The small rivers can be called by several other names, such as creek, brook and stream.
A body of water with current is called a stream, confined within a stream banks and bed, while the rising or resurgence is a component of the hydrosphere is known as the spring, it is the natural water flows to the earth’s surface from the underground. The aquifer (the underground layer of earth or bed , porous stone or gravel that yields water) known as the spring . A moist or wet place where water or underground water is called the Seep that reach the earth’s surface from an underground aquifer.
A wetland that is forested is called the swamp, and most swamps occur along large rivers, where it depend upon natural water fluctuating levels. Some swamps are commonly found on the shores of large lakes, and some swamps have hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, with aquatic vegetation covering, or vegetation that permits periodical covered with water. There are two types of swamp, the swamp forests or “true swamp” and the shrub swamps or “transitional swamps”. In the forests region of Canada, the colloquial word of swamp, is used for more correct term of a bog (a wetland accumulating dead vegetation or peat, or often small, soft plants called moss ) or Muskeg (a type of acidic soil very common in Arctic and forests areas. The swamp water may be fresh water, seawater, brackish water. Some of the largest swamps in the world, are found along major rivers such as the Amazon, the Mississippi, and the Congo River.
Geographically, an oasis or oases (in plural form) or Southwestern United States cienega (Spanish Colonial term for a spring ) is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, surrounding a water source or spring. Animals and humans habitat in deserts, are provided with water from Oases. Most Oases location has been of importance for trade and transportation by the Caravans traveling through oases routes in desert areas, for water and food supplies.
A body of standing water is called the pond, is commonly smaller than lake either natural or man-made. The pond is usually contain shallow water with marsh and aquatic plants and animals. A few animals, like alligators and beavers also make ponds.
A body of still water of considerable size, and basin localized, surrounded by land apart from river, stream and other form of moving water serving to feed known as lake. The lakes are inland and not part of the ocean and which are not identical from lagoons, and are deeper and larger than the ponds. Lakes can show unlikeness or differences with streams or rivers, which are commonly flowing, however, most of the lakes are drained and fed by the rivers and streams.
Tasmania has a geological complex history, with the biggest exposure of dolerite or diabase in the world.
Geology of Sikkim, Tibet
The science of Geology comprises the study of solid Earth, composed of rocks, and the processes by which they change. Generally, Geology can be also referred to the study of the solid features of any celestial body like for instance the geology of Mars or the Moon. Geology gives the capacity to discern the true nature of a situation or penetration into the Earth’s history, as it provides the plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life and the past climates as primary evidence.
13) Global Warming
The potential dangers of Global warming ( the rise in the average temperature of the atmosphere of the Earth and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation), are being studied carefully and increasingly by a wide global consortium of scientists. These scientists are concerned about the long-term effects on our natural environment because of the global warning on Earth. Of particular concern is how the global warning and climate change caused by anthropogenic, or greenhouse gases human-made releases, most notably carbon dioxide, can have adverse effects upon the planet earth and act interactively, its natural environment and humans’ existence. The climate system and warming is unequivocal, and scientists are more than certain about 90% that caused primarily by increasing human activities producing concentrations of greenhouse gases such as the deforestation and fossil fuels burning.
The contaminated body of water is known as water pollution, for example, rivers, lakes, oceans, groundwater and aquifers. When pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into the bodies of water without proper water treatment to remove the harmful compounds and caused water pollution. Water pollution affects plants and organisms or nay habitat of these polluted bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual populations and species, and also to all natural biological communities living in contaminated waters.
The introduction into the chemical atmosphere, biological matter, and particulate matter causes Air pollution that cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans, damaging other living organisms such as food crops, the natural environment or built environment.
Light pollution, otherwise known as photopollution or luminous pollution, is an excessive use of obtrusive artificial light. The light pollution is the adding or added light itself, in analogy to added carbon dioxide, sound and many more adverse consequences, that are multiple, and some are still.
The environmental noise called, noise pollution, is an excessive noise, displeasing human, animal, or machine-created that disrupts the human or animal life balance activity. The noise word came from the Latin word nauseas, meaning disgust or discomfort. Most of the outdoor noise source, is created by construction, transportation systems, motor vehicle noise, aircraft noise and noise from railways worldwide. The poor urban planning can give rise to noise pollution, because of side-by-side industrial and residential buildings that can produce noise pollution in the residential area.
Visual pollution is the unattractive and man made visual elements of a landscaping, or vista, the term given or any other thing that a person feel uncomfortable or uneasy to look at this undesirable views. The visual pollution is an aesthetic issue, referring to the pollution impacts impairing other person’s ability to enjoy a vista or view. In other words, visual pollution is an environment contamination as a result of human activities. The pollution term refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by waste’s matter or air pollution, solid waste and water pollution or eyesore. And in the past years and present years, it has come to signify a disruptions in a wider range to environmental quality. The billboards, litters or garbage, junkyards can may be constitute visual pollution, excessive noise enough to cause psychological or physical damages is considered noise pollution, and the thermal pollution, is the waste heat that alters local climate affecting the fish populations or any aqua life in rivers.
Soil contamination or soil pollution is caused by the xenobiotic presence (human-made ) or other alteration in the natural soil environment. It is typically caused by improper disposal of waste industrial activity, and agricultural chemicals. A landfill site (also known as tip, dump, rubbish dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden or an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, vermin, shells, etc.) is a site for the waste disposal materials by “burying” and is the oldest form of waste treatment. The introduction of contaminants and pollutants into the natural environment causing adverse changes is known as Pollution. Pollution can take the form of energy or chemical substances, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be form of any foreign substances, energies or natural occurring contaminants. Pollution is classified as point source or non-point source pollution.
Climate encompasses the temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, rain, wind, atmospheric particle count and several meteorological elements statistics, in a given region over long periods of time. Climate can be contrasted to weather, which is the present condition of these similar elements over the two weeks periods or more.
16) Thunder Storm
17) Thunder Snow
Thundersnow, also called winter thunderstorm or a thunder snowstorm, is a rare kind of thunderstorm with abrupt fall of snow instead of rain. It usually falls in regions of upward strong motion within the cold sector of an extratropical cyclone. Characteristic of or resulting from the conversion of heat into other forms of energy, it does not vary from any other type of thunderstorms but the top of the cumulonimbus are usually quite low.
The state of the atmosphere is known as the Weather, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. In most cases of the weather phenomena occurring in the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather refers, generally, to day-to-day temperature and a headlong fall or rush activity, whereas the term of climate is the atmospheric average conditions over longer period of time.
Life is the total collection of organisms of a geographic region with characteristic that distinguish objects that signal and process self-sustain from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased death, or else because they lack such functions and are classified living organisms not having the qualities associated with active organisms. The science of Biology concerning with the study of life. Organism is any contiguous living system, that undergo metabolism maintaining homeostasis, that possess a capacity to grow, responding to reproduce, stimuli and, via natural selection adapting to their natural environment in the next generations. Many living organisms complex can communicate through many ways or means.The meaning of life, is the quality of conveying or implying, its origin, purpose, and ultimate fate, is a central concept and question in religion and philosophy. A living organisms place in an orderly arrangement can be found in the Earth’s biosphere and the common properties to these organisms such as animals, plants, fungi, protists, archaea and bacteria which are carbon, water-based cellular form with organization complex and heritable genetic information.
The permanent cessation of all biological functions, sustaining a living organisms is known as Death. The phenomena usually bring about death that includes, senescence or biological aging, predation, disease, suicide, murder, accidents or terminal injury resulting to trauma and malnutrition. Shortly after death, the body of the living organisms start to decompose or decay.
The process of any organic substances are broken down into simple form of matters, and called Decomposition (or rotting). The essential process for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biome (often referred to as ecosystems).
The natural environment on Earth and has not been modified by human activity is known as the wilderness or wildland. It can also be defined as, as”The undisturbed wild natural place and most intact, left on our planet, and those truly wild places that humans do not control and have not developed with roads, pipelines or other industrial infrastructure. Most wilderness areas can be found in conservation preserves, estates, farms ranches, National forests, National parks and even in urban areas along rivers, gulches (small ravines) or other areas that are still undeveloped.